John Locke

John Locke - • Substance must be an innate idea because...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
John Locke (1632-1704) Two Treatises on government (1689) Essay Concerning Human Understanding (1689) Does a physiology or psychology of human knowledge Influences of Newton, Descartes, Galileo Truth means that outside subjects are accurately represented in our minds We see a tree as a tree Our knowledge comes from perception No innate ideas Mind is ‘tabula rasa’ Primary Qualities Qualities in the actual object that we see They are quantifiable Secondary Qualities The way that we see the primary qualities. We see color instead of wavelength. Complex Ideas Are just simple ideas all jumbled together Justice Beauty
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Balance Unity Harmony Complex ideas can’t necessarily be pointed to God Representative realism The problem of substance Substances are not qualities They are the things that have qualities So how do we perceive substances A substance has qualities. Every idea that we have has to be a perceived idea, no innate ideas
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: • Substance must be an innate idea because it is not a qualitie. ♦ We cannot perceive substance ♦ It is the canvas beneath the canvas So where does the idea of substance come from Ethics: Natural Law theory There are natural laws in the world • But natural laws are not innate in us Political theory Human nature Much more optimistic view of human beings (contrary to Hobbes) State of nature In the state of nature, we are wild But it is not a state of war (as Hobbes says) People come together and form a state out of convenience Rights Social contract Social contract is between the citizens and the apparatus of the state The state is there to make life easier Tolerance Argues for toleration • But not for atheists or Jews • Pretty much just for protestants and Catholics Rebellion You have a duty to rebel if the government is bad...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course PHL 202 taught by Professor Kelley during the Spring '10 term at Bradley.

Page1 / 3

John Locke - • Substance must be an innate idea because...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online