Ancient Roman History Exam 2 Terms

Ancient Roman History Exam 2 Terms - 1 Exam 2 Terms 2...

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1) Exam 2 Terms 2) 3/15/10- 3) Macedonian Wars 4) Philip of V of Macedonia a) Offers alliance to Hannibal b) Rome sends fleet to block Macedonians c) Romans will not forget about Philip V 5) First Macedonian War 215-205 a) Not a major conflict b) No real Roman fighting involved c) Rome makes alliances with other Greeks to keep Philip V preoccupied in Greece i) As not to disturb 2 nd Punic War d) Roman Allies in Greek region i) Aetolian League ii) Pergamon (1) Always sides with Rome (2) Benefits immensely from this (3) Boasted second largest library in Western world (4) Alter of Pergamon (a) For Zeus (b) Now in Germany (5) iii) Sparta 6) Antiochus III- Seleucids a) King of Seleucid Empire b) Substantial power c) Empire stretched from Turkey (Asia Minor) to Pakistan d) Makes an alliance with Philip V i) They look to Egypt to beat on 7) Ptolemies in Egypt a) Ruled Egyptian Dynasty 8) Roman Allies that cared about Egypt a) Rhodes i) Major commercial power ii) Fleet that protected eastern Mediterranean commerce iii) War would upset commercial interest iv) Sent diplomats to Rome to urge war (1) Rome hesitant (2) Rome sends a force to deals with Philip V v) Rocky relationship with Rome b) Pergamon i) Also concerned ii) Urge Rome to go to war with Philip V
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9) 2 nd Macedonian War 200-196 10) Roman Allies a) Athens b) Aetolian League c) Achaean League d) + Rhodes and Pergamon 11) Cynoscephelai 197 a) “Dog’s heads” b) Determines outcome of 2 nd Macedonian War 12) Phalanx vs. Legion a) First time Macedonian Phalanx comes against the Roman Legion i) Legion much more tactfully affective ii) Rome wins iii) Inflexibility of Phalanx (1) Phalanx inability fight on mountains terrain and hilly terrain (2) Not as flexible on flat land as well b) Flamininus wins the battle c) Philip V strips of Navy d) Territory lost 13) TQ Flamininus a) Consul commander b) Wins the battle c) Gives speech d) Withdraws all Roman Forces e) Gives land back to the people of Greece f) Aetolian League upset i) Felt they should get some territory at expense of Macedonia ii) They felt they were cheated by Rome iii) They decide they will punish Rome iv) They stir up trouble v) Claim Romans want to shackle Greece vi) They convince Antiochus III to get involved 14) Isthmia a) Where Flamininius gave speech 15) Antiochus III – Aetolians 191-188 a) Antiochus sends a fleet to b) Demetrias/ Volos i) Antiochus III and Aeatolians meet up ii) Then march south to: c) Thermopylai 191 i) Romans return to Greece 16) Cato the Elder a) Serves at Battle of Thermopylai b) Field grage officer c) (look for Cato’s hypocrisy) d) Rome defeats Antiochus III and Aeatolians
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e) Romans withdraw again 188 17) 3 rd Macedonian War 171-168 18) Perseus (Son of Philip V) a) Takes control of Macedonia after Philip V dies b) He bank rolls important citizens in Greek states i) Thought to be up to no good ii) Rome’s allies worried about Perseus 19) Pergamon Rhodes Acheaens Roman Allies a) Convince Rome to go to war against Macedonia again
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Ancient Roman History Exam 2 Terms - 1 Exam 2 Terms 2...

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