Lecture 4 - o1.30

Lecture 4 - o1.30 - Subsistence (continued) Hunters &...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Subsistence (continued) Hunters & Gatherers - o Example The !Kung people o Idea that there is no private ownership everyone shares! o Doesn’t matter whether the person works or not… everyone gets some o Land & animals & water jointly owned among the group - 18 th and 19 th centuries Europeans thought of hunters & gatherers as savage [animal like], competitive, and brutish [violently selfish] - Thomas Hobbes o 1648 “Leviathan” o Without a strong ruler (such as a king) life would be savage, brutish, and short o o Human nature was selfish and greedy people need powerful rulers Rulers who would make sure that they would behave - Adam Smith o 1776 wrote a book called “the wealth of nations” o Like Hobbes, smith claimed that people was greedy and that people were naturally competitive o Had a different solution than Hobbes o Smith thought that if they had a highly complex market economy based on [supposedly] “fair” rules of competition would hold people’s freed in check - Hunters & gatherers (H&G) o Traditionally didn’t have powerful leaders or rulers o They might have elders who have influence, but they do not have the power to punish o H&G do not have complex market economy Do not trade Don’t recognize “private property” in a western sense o Westerners assume they are primitive Turned out to be an error until the mid 20 th [1940’s – 1950’s] century o Example of war . war ends when one person gets injured or if it rains Usually no death - Marshall Sahlins “The Original Affluent Society” o These H&G societies were not torn apart by violence – they were harmonious – they usually shared o Competition is a learned value – not “human nature” o Insulting the meat A man must not boast about his kill Hunters must not brag about a good hunt in !Kung society He must belittle the kill If the hunter doesn’t insult it, everyone else will
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/30/2010 for the course ANTHRO 2A taught by Professor Douglas during the Spring '08 term at UCSI.

Page1 / 3

Lecture 4 - o1.30 - Subsistence (continued) Hunters &...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online