Lecture 9 - o3.o6

Lecture 9 - o3.o6 - Kinship - Who you are considered to be...

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Kinship - Who you are considered to be related to - Kinship is a social construct – it varies from culture to culture o Not universally structured - Kinship is about culture, not biology!! Consanguineal Kin - “Blood” relatives - People that you are related to by blood o Which biological relationships count vary from sulture to culture Affinal Kin (Affine) - Relatives by marriage - Someone you’re related to by marriage Fictive Kin - Relatives that are not based on blood or marriage ties The issue or concept of descent - Who counts as your ancestors? o This is a culturally determined perspective - Bilateral Kinship o Both parents count when reckoning decent o “Typical” American societies – people consider themselves to be related to both their mother & their father’s side - Patrilineal kinship o Only the father’s side is important for reckoning one’s descent - Matrilineal kinship o Only the mother’s side is important for reckoning one’s descent Kinship Diagram - Circle represents a female person - Triangle represents male person - Square – when gender is not important or when gender is unknown or because some societies don’t just recognize male & female - Relationship between 2 people: marriage symbol “=” - Use dotted line to show adoption - Divorce & Remarriage - Color in when related to father - Patrilineal: Father’s side: Share same father = related to one another - Matrilineal: On mother’s side In Trobrians society, chiefs occur, but their position comes from their mother. [Matrilineal] - In Trobrians society, the chief’s sister’s son will be the next chief - Chief is a disciplinarian to sister’s son, but is a softy to his own son In Trobriand society all men are expected to help raise their sister’s children and be authority figures to them - Fathers are the ones who spoil the kids - Uncle will support mom and father will defend the kid - When kids grow up, brothers watch out for sister o Brothers & sisters are expected to be very close & supported throughout their lives o Brother gives food to sister’s husband - Fathers are the primary caregivers of children once they no longer breastfeed Trobriand notions of conception and reproduction - At death, trobrianders clain that the soul, Baloma, leaves the body and goes to “Tuma Island”
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Lecture 9 - o3.o6 - Kinship - Who you are considered to be...

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