Hist ID's - Hist110 Second Set IDs Renaissance A period in...

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Sheet1 Page 1 Hist110 Second Set IDs Renaissance A period in which the spirit of self-awareness flourished. The Renaissance was a new age by self-assertion in w Florence The dominant city in the region of Tuscany, which possessed 2/3 s of its region s wealth. Florence contained only 1 The Prince (1513) Niccolo Machiavelli s work, which became the most important and controversial piece of the Renaissance Donatello (1386-1466) One of the Florentine masters who deeply influenced one another s development (Brunelleschi and M Venice One of the top ten largest cities in the West and in Italy, which became a European center for the glass industry, esp
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Sheet1 Page 2 Virtu A combination of virtue and virtuosity, of valor, character, and ability. These were traits that Machiavelli deemed necess Humanism Italian humanism, which saw the revival of classical literature with its concern for purity in language and eloquenc Indulgences A popular substitute for penance and confession. An indulgence was a portion of the treasury of good works pe 95 Theses (1517) A controversial scholarly argument posted on the door of the castle church by Martin Luther. The theses a Huguenots another name for the French Calvinists or Protestants who consisted nearly 10 percent of the French population.
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Sheet1 Page 3 Henry VIII The king of England, whose desire for divorce from Catherine of Aragon (1485-1536), created England s first refo Martin Luther (1483-1546) A professor of theology at Wittenberg University who posted the Ninety-Five Theses on the door o Council of Trent (1545-1563) The general council of the Church that finally met in Trent from 1545 to 1563, which began in c Geneva The Reformation came late to Geneva. In the 16th century, Geneva was under the dual government of the Duchy o Christian Humanism The combination of a new and powerful intellectual movement, which originated from students from all o Society of Jesus On a pilgrimage to Rome, Loyola won the approval of Pope Paul III to establish a new holy order, which be
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Sheet1 Page 4 Saint Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) A soldier whose combat wounds in 1521 resulted in a shattered leg. During his time of rec Reconquista (1492) The recapture and re-Christianization of the conquered territories, which dominated Iberian history from Marco Polo (1254-1324) A Venetian trader and explorer who gained fame for his worldwide travels. Henry the Navigator (1394-1460) The energetic navigator who led helped the Portuguese push steadily southward. Prince H Vasco da Gama (1460-1524) The explorer who rounded the Cape of Good Hope and crossed into the Indian Ocean. His jou
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Sheet1 Page 5 Black Legend A term used to describe Spain and Spaniards as cruel, intolerant, and fanatical in anti-Spanish literature duri Hernando Cortes (1485-1547) A conquistador who sought independent command to lead an expedition into the hinterland o Mercantilism The theory from which the competition for power and glory were derived, which was a set of assumptions abou Predestination A traditional doctrine that Calvin emphasized differently and brought to the center of the problem of faith. The
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