lect04-06-10

lect04-06-10 - Readings (April 6 April 8) Miller and...

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Unformatted text preview: Readings (April 6 April 8) Miller and Spoolman, Chapters 12 & 10 Kates, R. "Ending Hunger: Current Status and Future Prospects" Consequences, 1996 "The Future of Forests: Tree-Lover, Spare the Woodman" The Economist, June 22, 1991 Hunger starvation vs. chronic hunger (nutritional inadequacy) consequences of chronic hunger & nutrient-depleting diseases (Kates) worldwide, almost a billion people suffer from hunger (including about 30 million in the U.S.) will higher agricultural productivity be enough to solve the problem of chronic hunger? is food produced by modern highly productive methods always safe to eat? Distribution of Food the world can produce enough to feed everyone, but ability to buy food is unevenly distributed differences in distribution exist between countries as well as within countries and families widespread poverty is the major cause of hunger and nutritional inadequacy many people are caught in a vicious circle of poverty, hunger, and disease health levels, labor productivity, and economic development are strongly inter-related Government Policies government policies impact food production and food quality as well as distribution possible goals of food production and food quality oriented policies include: stabilizing food supplies & farm incomes encouraging sustainable land & water use ensuring food safety & protecting environment enhancing productivity via research & extension aims of distribution oriented policies are to reduce hunger & improve nutritional health using: safety nets (e.g, social welfare programs) wealth sharing schemes (e.g. land redistribution) Forest & Wildlife Resources importance of forests and types of forests management of private forests management of national parks & public lands old growth forests & tropical forests importance of wildlife species threats to species & protection mechanisms Economic Importance of Forests forests provide wood, paper, medicines & many other products forests products are worth more than $300 billion per year Ecological & Social Importance of Forests forests regulate the flow of water slow runoff, provide continual recharge of groundwater & streams, reduce soil erosion & stream sediments forests influence climate & are vital to carbon cycle increase local precipitation & lower local temperatures, account for 90% of carbon stored in vegetation and soils forests provide recreational activities hunting, fishing, hiking forests provide wildlife habitat & are home to native peoples in tropical countries ...
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