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Unformatted text preview: and efficient regulatory action, but the disadvantage of this type of rulemaking is the relatively minimal opportunity available to interested parties to participate. On the other hand, formal rulemaking affords interested parties greatly enhanced opportunities to be heard, but is purchased at significant expense and at the risk that parties will abuse their rights of access and impede the regulatory process. Hybrid rulemaking procedures minimize the disadvantages of the other two types by giving some opportunity to be heard but limiting the right of cross-examination, thereby encouraging more rapid and efficient agency action. 23. A plaintiff seeking judicial review of agency actions must demonstrate that the challenged action is reviewable, that he has standing to sue, that he has exhausted all required administrative remedies, and that the dispute is ripe for judicial resolution. Business Law and the Regulatory Environment, 11E 79...
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- Spring '09