South America - Notes

South America - Notes - UNIQUE ASPECTS OF THE REALM Entire...

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UNIQUE ASPECTS OF THE REALM Entire realm is generally EAST of North America South America extends further SOUTH than any other continent, except Antarctica. South America extends 1,400 miles further south than Africa. BOUNDARIES SOUTH > Drake Passage EAST > Atlantic Ocean SUBREGIONS THE NORTH – Colombia French Guiana (territory of France) Guyana Suriname Venezuela THE SOUTH (SOUTHERN CONE) – Argentina Chile Uruguay BRAZIL – INDIAN WEST – Bolivia Ecuador Paraguay Peru PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY ANDES MOUNTAINS dominate the entire western side of the continent   AMAZON BASIN is the world’s largest drainage area   HILLS (or HIGHLANDS) Brazilian Highlands
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Guiana Highlands Venezuelan Highlands PLAINS Coastal Plains Gran Chaco Llanos Montana Oriente Pampas River Valleys   PLATEAUS Altiplanos Mato Grosso Patagonia   DESERT Atacama   RIVERS Amazon Cauca Magdalena Orinoco Paraguay Parana Rio de la Plata Sao Francisco Uruguay   LAKES Maracaibo Titicaca   HYDROELECTRIC DAMS Itaipu Yacyreta SOUTH AMERICA CLIMATES TROPICAL – Af, Am, Aw
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TEMPERATE – Cfa, Cfb, Csb, Cwa DRY – BSh, BSk, BWh, BWk UNCLASSIFIED HIGHLANDS – H CULTURAL GEOGRAPHY see map, page 238 TROPICAL PLANTATION Sugar Plantations Originally Slavery Soils Exhausted Failed Economy Subsistence Poverty EUROPEAN – COMMERCIAL Truly Latin Livestock Corn Better Living Standards High Literacy Superior Transportation INDO – SUBSISTENCE Haciendas Peonage Villages at and above 12,000 feet Meager Crops Remote Small Indian Markets MESTIZO – TRANSITIONAL Mixing Zone Euro-Indian, except Euro-African in Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela UNDIFFERENTIATED Isolated Changeless Sparse Population Difficult Location Poor Transportation Limited Economic Development GROWTH IN URBANIZATION Annual Growth Rate about 5%
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50% of Urban Growth is caused by In-Migration [In-Migration is people leaving the rural areas] Annual Growth Rate in Rural Areas about 1.5% PUSH – PULL FACTORS TOWARD URBANIZATION Push Pull Slow Pace of Land Reform Perception of Opportunity Loss of Hope Regular Wage Giving Up Education for Children Improving Infrastructure Better Medical Care
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South America - Notes - UNIQUE ASPECTS OF THE REALM Entire...

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