Subsaharan Africa - Online Notes

Subsaharan Africa- - SUBSAHARAN AFRICA I UNIQUE a Heart of Earth's landmassesLandmass of Escarpmemts plateausSource of Humanity(probably)Realm of

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SUBSAHARAN AFRICA I. UNIQUE – a. Heart of Earth’s landmassesLandmass of Escarpmemts & plateausSource of Humanity (probably)Realm of Ravaging Diseases(AID’s is lowering life expectancy)Realm of Environmental DeteriorationHigh Population Growth Rate (world’s greatest in some areas)Diminishing Food SupplyPolitico-Ethnic Patchwork II. BOUNDARIES – a. NORTH > African Transition Zone b. SOUTH > Cape of Good Hope c. EAST > Indian Ocean d. WEST > Atlantic Ocean III. SUBDIVISIONS – a. Southern Africa = Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe b. East Africa = Burundi, (Ethiopia), Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda c. Equatorial Africa = Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, (Sudan) [Cabinda, an exclave of Angola is also here.] d. West Africa = Benin, Burkina Faso, (Chad), Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea- Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo e. African Transition Zone = Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopía, Somalia f. Near African Continent = Cape Verde in the Atlantic Ocean, Comoros in the Mozambique Channel (Indian Ocean), Madagascar in the Indian Ocean, Sao IV. MAIN MINERALS IN MAJOR COUNTRIES
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a. Southern Africa > i. Angola = iron, diamonds, copper, phosphates, oil ii. Madagascar = chromium, graphite, coal, bauxite iii. Mozambique = coal, titanium iv. South Africa = world leader in gold, chromium, diamonds, vanadium; 2nd (world) in manganese, uranium, platinum; also has antimony, coal, iron, nickel, phosphates, tin, copper v. Zambia = cobalt 2nd (world), copper 6th (world), zinc, gold, lead, vanadium, manganese, coal vi. Zimbabwe = chromium, gold nickel asbestos, copper, iron, coal {Note – Namibia ranks 4th (world) in uranium.} b. East Africa > i. Kenya = gold, limestone, diatomite, salt, barite, magnesium, feldspar, sapphires, fluorite, garnets ii. Tanzania = diamonds, gold, nickel Uganda = copper, cobalt c. Equatorial Africa > i. Cameroon = few minerals ii. Democratic Republic of the Congo = cobalt (world leader), copper 5th (world), cadmium, gold, silver, tin, germanium, zinc, iron, manganese, uranium, radium iii. Gabon = manganese 3rd (world), uranium oil, iron, gas d. West Africa > i. Ghana = gold, manganese, industrial diamonds ii. Ivory Coast = diamonds, manganese, some oil iii. Liberia = iron, diamonds, gold iv. Nigeria = oil, gas, coal, iron, limestone, columbium, tin {Note – Guinea ranks 2nd (world) in bauxite.} e. African Transition Zone > i. Djibouti = virtually deficient in minerals ii. Eritrea = gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt
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iii. Ethiopia = gold, platinum, copper, potash, natural gas iv. Somalia = uranium; unexploited reserves of iron ore, tin, gypsum, bauxite, copper, natural gas V. AGRICULTURE IN GENERAL a. Agriculture Predominates despite rich mineral resource base; Farming is Primarily Subsistence
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2010 for the course GEO 143 taught by Professor Harshbarger during the Summer '09 term at Parkland.

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Subsaharan Africa- - SUBSAHARAN AFRICA I UNIQUE a Heart of Earth's landmassesLandmass of Escarpmemts plateausSource of Humanity(probably)Realm of

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