Middle East Online Discussion

Middle East Online Discussion - 1 From the Middle East...

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1) From the Middle East Study Guide's Definitions Section, please select and discuss at least four (4) definitions. a) Cultural Diffusion : Using cultural diffusion, cultural geographers are able to use present day knowledge of a cultural event to map out its route of spread via expansion, relocation, hierarchal, or contagious diffusion. For example, knowing where Islam is prevalent in modern day society and at various times throughout history, cultural geographers can map out how the religion spread due to wars, environmental events, and migrations using spatial and cultural diffusion. b) OPEC : The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is an international association of currently twelve oil-producing countries that cooperate and coordinate petroleum policies about the price and supply of oil. Over the recent years, OPEC has secured substantial power by controlling the majority of the petroleum market for their major customers: the Western powers. To this day, the twelve countries that make up OPEC include Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Nigeria, Ecuador, Angola, and the Socialist People’s Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (Libya). c) Basin Irrigation : The Ancient Egyptians of the lower Nile Valley first utilized basin irrigation when they built fields with earthen ridges and trapped Nile floodwaters. The floodwaters’ fertile silt was used to grow Egyptian crops and continued for thousands of years until dams were built to provide water year round. d) Fellaheen : Fellahin are Egyptian peasants who, like their ancestors of five millennia past, survive via subsistence farming to making a living off the land. 2) From the Cultural Geography Section, please select and discuss at least one (1) of the three major religions: – Islam: Islam is the religion whose prophet was Muhammad (AD 571- AD 632) and whose rules and dogmas are contained in the Quran (Koran). The dominant religion of the North African and Southwest Asian realm, Islam is monotheistic and acknowledges the existence of other religions such as Judaism and Christianity and proclaims that
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Moses, Jesus and Muhammad were all prophets of one god, but Muhammad was the most significant prophet of the divine commands of the omnipotent, omniscient, and
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2010 for the course GEO 143 taught by Professor Harshbarger during the Summer '09 term at Parkland.

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Middle East Online Discussion - 1 From the Middle East...

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