NASWA - Online Notes

NASWA - Online Notes - North Africa/Southwestern Asia(NASWA...

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North Africa/Southwestern Asia (NASWA) aka Middle East I. IRREDENTISM a. E.g: Members of the Somali cultural group live in the surrounding countries of Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya. II. UNIQUE – a. Fulcrum of 3 Continents – Africa, Asia, Europe b. Culture Hearth of Civilization c. Genesis of 3 Major Religions – Judaism, Christianity, Islam d. Predominate Arab Culture e. Islamic Way of Life Prevails f. The term ‘Middle East’ reflects European perceptual bias. Europeans call Turkey the ‘Near East,’ China & Japan = ‘Far East,’ and Egypt/Arabia/Iran = ‘Middle East’ III. BOUNDARIES – a. NORTH >Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Trans Caucasus, and Caspian Sea b. SOUTH > Sahel or African Transition Zone c. EAST > Indian Ocean and Pakistan d. WEST > Atlantic Ocean IV. SUBREGIONS – a. Egypt & Lower Nile Basin – Includes Egypt and Northern Sudan b. – Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia = Maghreb i. Also, Libya, Chad, Niger, Mali, Mauritania c. The Middle East – Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, most of the island of Cyprus
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d. The Arabian Peninsula – Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, UAE, Yemen e. The Empire States – Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkey, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus f. Turkestan – Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan g. Other – Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia V. Climates a. Dry – BWh, BWk, BSh, BSk b. Temperate – Csa c. Unclassified Highlands - H VI. MAIN MINERALS a. OIL (More than 50% of world’s oil reserves) b. Algeria, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE = OPEC c. Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Oman, Syria, Tajikistan, Yemen = Oil producers, too d. COAL Turkey e. IRON ORE Algeria, Turkey f. LEAD Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia g. PHOSPHATE Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia h. ZINC Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia VII. POPULATION CENTERS a. CAIRO 11.5 million b. ISTANBUL 10.2 million
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c. TEHRAN 7.5 million d. RIYADH 5.8 million e. BAGHDAD 6.2 million f. CASABLANCA 4.0 million VIII. MOST POPULOUS COUNTRIES IN REALM a. Egypt b. Ethiopia c. Turkey d. Iran IX. PROMINENCE OF EGYPT a. Location on Mediterranean Sea b. Location astride Africa – SW Asia Land bridge c. Tradition of Civilization d. Respected by Arab Community e. (Arab League suspended Egypt for 1978 Peace Accord with Israel) f. Suez Crisis 1956 g. Two Wars with Israel (1967, 1973) X. ANCIENT PEOPLES a. Berbers i. Nomadic pastoralists, hunters, some farmers ii. Conquered by Phoenicians, then the Romans iii. Last conquered by the Arabs in the 600’s iv. Arabs demanded allegiance and adherence to Islam
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b. Moors i. Resulted from Arab-Berber Alliance ii. Moors pushed into SW Europe, particularly Spain in late 600’s and early 700’s iii. Moors ruled over much of Iberian peninsula until early 1400’s c. Carthage i. Colonized by Phoenicians in 700-800 B.C. ii.
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2010 for the course GEO 143 taught by Professor Harshbarger during the Summer '09 term at Parkland.

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NASWA - Online Notes - North Africa/Southwestern Asia(NASWA...

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