South Asia Cultural Geography Section:
The countries of South Asia include Bangladesh, Bhutan,
India, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The official languages of each
country are Bengali (Bangladesh), Dzongkha (Bhutan), Nepali
(Nepal) and Urdu (Pakistan). Sri Lanka’s official language is Sinhala,
though both Tamil and Sinhala are Sri Lanka’s national languages.
The Sikhs are a people whose religion is an amalgam of the positive
aspects of both Hinduism and Islam, created in an effort to unite the
warring followers of these religions. In the colonial era, the tens upon
thousands of Sikhs became soldiers under British rule, due to the respect
the British had for the Sikhs due to their acceptance of British rule.
Currently, the majority of India’s Sikh population inhabit the state of
Punjab, which was created from the original State of Panjab (Punjab) after
the Sikhs’ acts of terrorism in 1985: the bombing of an Air India jumbo
jet, which killed 329 people.
Religiously, Sikhs follow the Sikhism religion, whose principal belief is faith in
“waheguru,” or the sacred symbol of “
ik ōa kār
,” or the Universal God. The non-
anthropomorphic concept of God is the distinctive feature that separates Sikhism
from other religions, allowing followers to interpret God as the universe itself.
South Asia Economic Geography Section:
The Green Revolution is the development of more productive, higher-
yielding types of grains, created in hopes of narrowing the gap between
the world or region population and food production. Scientists working for
the Green revolution have worked on two goals: 1) Develop strains of corn
and other crops that would be more resistant to virulent crop diseases, and
2) increase productivity of these new strains. In Pakistan, the Green
Revolution, in conjunction with expanded irrigation, has brought a decline
in subsistence agriculture, allowing Pakistan to export some rice, causing