South Asia Online Notes

South Asia Online Notes - South Asia Notes I. UNIQUE A. One...

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South Asia Notes I. UNIQUE A. One of 2 of the Greatest Human Concentrations B. One of World’s oldest Civilizations – Indus Valley Civilization D. World’s Most Populous Federal State – India – 1.158 billion population E. Serious Demographic Problems – Only 28% of India is urbanized F. Cultural Regionalism I. I. India II. Pakistan III.Sri Lanka IV.Post-European Colonial Period Required modifications to maintain political cohesion V. Monsoon Climate VI.Scepter of Famine II. BOUNDARIES A. NORTH Himalayan Mountains, Afghanistan, China B. SOUTH Indian Ocean C. EAST Bay of Bengal, Myanmar (Burma) D. WEST Arabian Sea, Iran III. SUBREGIONS
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A. CENTRAL India B. EAST Bangladesh C. WEST Pakistan D. SOUTH Sri Lanka E. NORTH IV.DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION MODEL B. State 2: High birth rates & Death rates decline, V. PROBLEMS WITH DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION MODEL A. Population 100 times greater than when model was devised B. Emigration ongoing when model was devised C. Lack of raw materials to sustain development on European scale VI.POPULATION DOUBLING TIME FOR INDIA AND ITS NEIGHBORS A. Bangladesh 38 years B. Bhutan 22 years C. India 39 years D. Nepal 28 years E. Pakistan 25 years F. Sri Lanka 60 years INDIA VII. POPULATION:
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A. 2 nd in the World (China = 1 st ) B. Rural life predominant C. Western part is 40% urban D. Eastern part is 20% urban VIII. ANCIENT PEOPLES A. Aryans (spoke Sanskrit) I. Aryan invaders from the northwest (~1500 BC) II. Less advanced culturally IV.Adopted many Indus Valley Innovations V. Regional organization emerged VI.Social Stratification VII.Genesis of Hinduism from Aryan belief in sky gods & elaborate priestly ritual B. Genesis of Buddhism in NE India I. Merchants disliked their treatment as members of a lower Hindu caste II. Prevalent on geographic fringes of India C. Conquest by Alexander the Great – A brief interlude I. Alexander thrust into Ganges Plain D. Mauryan Era I. II. Ashoka/Asoka was best leader for the Mauryans IV.Buddhist tenets inscribed on pillars throughout India V. South India remained remote – Dravidians prevailed here E. Collapse of Empire Results in I. Region – Cultural Disunity
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II. Recurrent invasions disrupted civility III.Weak, failed central authority F. Gupta Monarchs I. Reunited Northern India (~AD 320) IV.Age of art, architecture, literature V. Mathematical innovations VI.White Huns destroyed the Empire (~AD 550)
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2010 for the course GEO 143 taught by Professor Harshbarger during the Summer '09 term at Parkland.

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South Asia Online Notes - South Asia Notes I. UNIQUE A. One...

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