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E Asia-SE Asia - Online Notes

E Asia-SE Asia - Online Notes - CHINA UNIQUE Most Populous...

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CHINA UNIQUE – Most Populous Country in the World Concentration of Population in Eastern Half of China One of World’s Oldest Continuous Civilizations Isolated, Closed Society (until recently) Strong Traditions – Values – Philosophies Beijing is Cultural Hearth` European Colonialism to Japanese Imperialism   have Significantly Impacted China Communism Probably has Transformed   Cultural Landscape of China Permanently Kongfuzi Teachings Persist Among Multitudes China is Primarily Rural, although Rapidly Industrializing BOUNDARIES – North >> Mongolia and Russia South >> Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam East >> East China Sea, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Taiwan, Yellow Sea Northwest >> Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan Southwest >> Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan SUBDIVISIONS – China Proper = Dongbei, Loess Plateau, North China Plain, Ordos Desert, Sichuan Basin, Southeast Uplands Nei Mongol = Gobi Desert Xinjiang = Altai Mts., Altun Shan, Dzungar Basin, Tarim Basin, Tien Shan Xizang = Kunlun Shan, Qilian Shan, Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, Tsaidam Basin Taiwan = Nationalist China, or Republic of China 3 MAJOR RIVER BASINS – Huang He Yellow River, also the River of Sorrow yellow silt gives the river its color. Grand Canal links Huang He & Chang Jiang. Chang Jiang Yangtze River, (Jiang is Chinese for ‘river’) Shanghai, China’s best port, is at its mouth. Sichuan Basin lies in middle part of its basin. Xi Jiang West River, Hong Kong & Guangzhou are near its mouth. CLIMATE – Humid Temperate – Cfa, Cwa Unclassified Highlands – H Dry – BWk, BSk Humid Cold – Dwa. Dwb, Dwc Tropical – Am, Aw
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SOME COMPARISONS OF LATITUDE – China Cities North American Cities Harbin Montreal, Canada Beijing Columbus, Ohio Shanghai Savanna, Georgia Guangzhou Havana, Cuba China has no west coast, like N. America. MINERALS – World leader in Coal, Pyrites, Tin, Tungsten 2 nd in world in Phosphates 3 rd in world Iron, Lead, Vanadium, Zinc Also has Antimony, Bauxite, Limestone, Manganese, Molybdenum, Oil Dongbei (NE China) has substantial minerals: Coal, Oil, Iron, Bauxite, Lead, Molybdenum, Zinc, Limestone. Dzungar Basin has: Oil and some Coal. Tsaidam Basin has: Coal and Oil. Loess Plateau has: Coal and Oil. Sichuan (Red) Basin has: Coal, Oil, and Gas. POPULATION – Largest ethnic group are HAN PEOPLE Leading minority groups are: N and NE Manchus, Mongols, Hui, & Koreans S Zhuangs, Yi, & Miao W and SW Tibetans NW Hui, & Uygurs Largest urban centers are: 1. Shanghai (lower Chang Basin) 2. Beijing (North China Plain) LANGUAGES – 1,000 + languages / dialects [Chinese is only modern language written in non-phonetic ideographs.] [Pinyin System: X has a ‘sh’ sound & Q a ‘ch’ sound.] Mandarin or Putonghua (Beijing dialect - Pinyin system) Yue Principal dialects include: Cantonese, Shanghainese, Fujianese, & Hakka HISTORY – [The Chinese culture has evolved over 4,000 + years.] 1. Shang (or Yin) Dynasty, 1770-1120 B.C.
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