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studyguide1 - Wundt -Created the 1st psychology laboratory,...

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Wundt -Created the 1 st psychology laboratory, studied the atoms of the mind -Basic structures, the quickest fast most innate things reflex types: sensation, perception Titchener: Structuralism -Titchener was Wundt’s student -Structuralism: introspective (looking inward) approach to find the basic building blocks of the mind -Training people to report elements of their experience as they: looked at a rose, listened to a metronome, smelled a scent, or tasted a substance what was their immediate sensations, images, feelings? And how did these relate to one another -Noticing the things that we often block out (ie: how we feel sitting in chair) -but Structuralism required smart, verbal people. unreliable as the results varied from person to person & experience to experience -we often just don’t know why we feel what we feel and do what we do James: Functionalism -Functionalism – influenced by Darwin: a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes function how they enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish -What evolutionary purpose do emotions, memory, consciousness serve -Assumed that thinking, smelling, developed because it was adaptive – it contributed to our survival -Mary Calkins – William James student, admitted as a psychology but James male student refused to be associated with female -Why do we do particular things? Why do we have emotions? -Most of the things we do have a function that meet things we need -Reason to why we do things survival purposes Psychoanalysis: Freud, id, ego, superego -Psychoanalytic theory: human behavior determined by unconscious forces, Psychopathology results from conflicts among these unconscious forces -Id – born with it, pleasure principle, early behavior (sleeping, eating, going to bathroom when first born that’s all you want to do). -Superego – moral principals (I should do this, I should do that, I want to stay home but I should do that) -Ego (mediator) – go back and forth from superego and id (angel & devil) logical, rational, reality principle type of thinking driven by superego conscience moral principles ego (mediator) logical; rational reality principle id illogical; emotional; irrational pleasure principle Stages Theory of Psychosexual Development -Oral Stage (birth – 18 mos.) – primary satisfaction from sucking and chewing breast feeding -Anal Stage (18 mos. – 3) – pleasure derived form elimination, but can get stuck thus can be effected later on in life (smoking, eating) going to bathroom - Phallic Stage (3 – 5 – 6 mos.) – pleasure derived from sexual organs - Latency Period (6 – 12 years) – impulses not a factor -Genital Stage (adulthood) – heterosexual interests Classical Conditioning – pretty large number of things that we have a natural reaction to -Pavlov -Initial situation – meat powder (UCS) salivation (UCR) / bell (CS) no salivation -Training trail – bell (CS) over time meat powder (UCS)
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2010 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Madigan during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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studyguide1 - Wundt -Created the 1st psychology laboratory,...

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