112HistoryStudyGuide

112HistoryStudyGuide - Chapter 18: Reconstruction: North...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 18: Reconstruction: North And South The wars aftermath The North o Friendly to business National power centralized Morrill Tariff National Banking Act Transcontinental railroad Homestead Act Morrill Land Grant Act o The South Property destroyed Slaves freed Confederates embittered o The freed slaves New status Legal rights Lack of property Freedmens Bureau Help freedmen Limited powers Battle over Reconstruction o Lincolns plan Provisions Implementation o Congressional reaction Radical critics Wade-Davis Bill Lincolns response o Assassination of Lincoln o Johnsons plan Johnsons background Tennessee Jacksonian Unionist Ideas on Union Indestructible No Reconstruction Similar to Lincolns plan o Southern resistance Elects ex-Confederates Black codes o Congressional Radicals Joint Committee on Reconstruction Role of Radicals Thaddeus Stevens Motivation Humanitarianism Bitterness Black vote Constitutional theory o Johnson vs. Congress Veto of Freedmens Bureau extension Johnson attacks Radicals Veto of Civil Rights Act overridden The Fourteenth Amendment Congressional Reconstruction o Elections of 1866 o Legislation Military Reconstruction Act Command of the Army Act Tenure of Office Act Limits on Supreme Court review o Impeachment and trial of Johnson Mutual hostility Initial effort failed Violation of Tenure in Office Act Political purposes Trial Effects of trial o Republican rule in South Readmission of states Role of Union League The reconstructed South o Attitudes of whites o The life of freedmen Military experience Independent organizations Families reaffirmed Farm workers Wage laborers Tenant farmers Schools o Black political life Illiterate and inexperienced Increasing participation Divisions among blacks Limited political role o White Republicans in South Carpetbaggers Scalawags o The Radicals record The Grant years o The election of 1868 Reasons for support of Grant The Grant ticket and platform Democratic programs and candidates Results The character of Grants leadership o Proposal to pay the government debt o Scandals Jay Goulds effort to corner the gold market The Crdit-Mobilier exposure Secretary of War and the Indian Bureau Whiskey Ring Grants personal role in the scandals o White terror Ku Klux Klan Enforcement Acts o Conservative resurgence Weakened morale Mobilized white vote Decline of northern concern o Reform and the election of 1872...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2010 for the course HIST 112 taught by Professor Littlefield during the Spring '08 term at South Carolina.

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112HistoryStudyGuide - Chapter 18: Reconstruction: North...

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