El Salvador - Brittany Burzawa Global History El Salvador From 1980-1992 El Salvador suffered a brutal Civil War which devastated the entire

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Brittany Burzawa Global History El Salvador 4/20/10 From 1980-1992 El Salvador suffered a brutal Civil War which devastated the entire country. Thousands of innocent civilians were killed in the open streets by the El Salvador military. Many had no where to go often on the run camping in fields. “During 1980-1983, the right-winged paramilitary death squards assassinated more than 55,000 people in El Salvador” (Cardova,65). Many found refuge within El Salvador with departments and municipalities that were not directly involved. “The department of Chalatenango alone has 15,000 IDPs in 1982” (Gammage). Those who decided to flee went across to Honduras, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. Most immigrants in the US had been living in Mexico for a while during the war. More than 25 percent of El Salvador’s population fled during the Civil War. Now more than 1.5 million Salvadorans live and work in the United States (Gammage). Only a small population of Salvadorans migrated to Chicago between the 1920s-1960s. They came willingly and flew by plane directly from El Salvador to Chicago for better opportunities. The immigrants were middle and upper class students, military and other professionals. They consisted of a privileged few from the wealthy, landholding classes, who came to study and work abroad, and a number of domestic servants, gardeners, and laborers, whom the diplomatic corps brought over primarily for domestic service. “By the 1970’s Chicago’s several hundred Salvadorans dispersed across the city and suburbs with concentrations in North Side communities such as Uptown” (Caldwell).
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
During the 1970s through the 1990s the Civil War in El Salvador contributed to the large second wave of Salvadoran immigrants in Chicago. The extreme conditions of warfare gave the refugees no time to flee and most came to the United States with only the clothes on their back. They were forced to travel undocumented through Mexico into the United States. Many fled north to Canada where legal status was more easily arranged (Caldwell). Many joined family and friends in Chicago, unsuccessfully seeking political asylum. They dispersed all over Chicago.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/01/2010 for the course HIST 210 taught by Professor Sarahdoherty during the Spring '10 term at Loyola Chicago.

Page1 / 8

El Salvador - Brittany Burzawa Global History El Salvador From 1980-1992 El Salvador suffered a brutal Civil War which devastated the entire

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online