Lecture 4 - Culture.docx - Lecture 4 Culture Culture \u2794 Includes both material objects and ideas \u2794 Cultural universals \u2794 Cultural surprises when

Lecture 4 - Culture.docx - Lecture 4 Culture Culture u2794...

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Lecture 4 - Culture Culture Includes both material objects and ideas Cultural universals Cultural surprises when travelling Norms: generally accepted ways of doing things Culture: is a complex collection of values, beliefs, behaviours, and material objects shared by a group passed on from one generation to the next Five defining features 1. Culture is learned 2. Culture is shared 3. Culture is transmitted 4. Culture is cumulative 5. Culture is human Globalization Political interconnectedness Economic interconnectedness Travel and migration Communication Work/Occupations: Ritzer: the McDonaldization of society Inspired by Max Weber’s idea of rationalization Modern bureaucracies Ritzer’s McDonaldization Thesis Features of McDonaldization: Efficiency: getting product quickly Calculability: what you get, quality, inexpensive Predictability: always the same Control: workers are controlled and customers do tasks that people once did (self checkout) Why is McDonaldization important to know about?

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