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The Varieties of Ancient Judaism

The Varieties of Ancient Judaism - Click to edit Master...

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Unformatted text preview: Click to edit Master subtitle style 5/10/10 The Varieties of Second Temple Judaism Judaism or Judaism s ? 538 BCE – 70 CE 5/10/10 Origin of Judaism Exiles return to Judah 538 BCE Jud ah Jew (person from Judah) l Jud aism 535 BCE, construction begins on second Temple Compilation of the 5/10/10 Judaism Today Rabbinic Judaism “ Rabbi ” = teacher Develops after 70 CE , when the Second Temple is destroyed by the Romans (Jesus: 4 BCE-30 CE) Develops out of pharisaic Judaism (the Judaism of the 5/10/10 Second Temple Judaism Persian Period 515 BCE Temple re-built and re-dedicated Hellenistic Period (Alexander’s death in 323 BCE — Roman Period) Roman Period 70 CE Temple (totally renovated by Herod) 5/10/10 Persian domination 538-330 Ezrah Nehemiah Redaction of Torah (6th - 5th centuries BCE) Temple Rebuilt in Jerusalem 5/10/10 Alexander the Great 5/10/10 Lands and Peoples Conquered by Alexander 5/10/10 5/10/10 Hellenism “Hellen”—“Greek” in Greek “hellenismos”—Greek language and culture “hellenizein”—to speak Greek, to make Greek, to become Greek 5/10/10 Hellenism—a definition: a syncretistic blending of Greek and Oriental 5/10/10 Hellenism and Judaism Not even the Jews in Palestine were immune to Hellenism. Jerusalem became a Greek-speaking polis with Greek institutions and schools. Heliodorus inscription, @ 150 BCE, Jerusalem 5/10/10 Evidence of Greek in Palestine 37% of Jewish ossuaries in (post-Alexander) Jerusalem were written in Greek....
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