Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology (2010); 3(1): 10-14
Jundishapur Journal of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz,
Iran, Phone: +98611 3330074; Fax: +98611 3332036; URL: http://jjm.ajums.ac.ir; E-mail: editorial office: firstname.lastname@example.org
Antimicrobial activity of essential oils of
, Hamid Reza Ghasempour
Microbiology Laboratory, Biology Department of Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Plant Tissue Culture, Biotechnology and Physiology Laboratory, Biology Department of
Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
How to cite this article:
Taran M, Ghasempour HR, Shirinpour E. Antimicrobial activity of essential oils of
. Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2010; 3(1): 10-14.
Introduction and objective:
is an important medicinal plant of Iran. The
essential oil of seeds aerial parts of this plant contains variety of components with different
therapeutical effects. The purpose of this study was to provide the first examination of the
antibacterial and antifungal effects of essential oils obtained from aerial parts and seeds of
which is endemic to Shahoo Mountains (west of Iran).
Materials and methods:
Chemical composition of the essential oils of seeds and aerial
was analysed by the Gas Chromatography-mass
spectrometry (GC-MS). The susceptibility of the microorganisms to essential oils was
determined by minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) using microdilution method.
The GC-MS analysis of the essential oils has led to the identification and
quantification of 57 components, the most abundant of them were cis-ocimene (27.9%) for
aerial parts and
-pinene (76.1%) for seeds. Other compounds present (
-terpineol and caryophyllene oxide) have been reported to have antimicrobial
effects on bacteria and fungi. Among different bacteria,
(MIC=137μg/ml) disclosed a high sensitivity to
essential oils of aerial parts and seeds respectively. These essential oils showed weak
activity against fungus (
This study showed that the essential oil of seeds and aerial parts of
have antimicrobial activity against different infectious microbes.
, Antifungal, Antibacterial, Essential oil
belongs to Apiaceae
species are used in
folk medicine for their sedative, tonic,
digestive and anti-parasitic effects [2,3].
Antibacterial and antifungal activities have