Glossary - A In the continuity editing system the imaginary...

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A axis of action/180º line In the continuity editing system, the imaginary line that passes from side to side through the main actors, defining the spatial relations of all the elements of the scene as being to the right or left. The camera is not supposed to cross the axis at a cut and thus reverse those spatial relations. B back light Illumination cast onto the figures in the scene from the side opposite the camera, usually creating a thin outline of highlighting on those figures. C camera angle/angle of framing The position of the frame in relation to the subject it shows: above it, looking down (a high angle); horizontal, on the same level (a straight-on angle); looking up (a low angle). close-up A framing in which the scale of the object shown is relatively large; most commonly a person's head seen from the neck up, or an object of a comparable size that fills most of the screen. closure The degree to which the ending of a narrative film reveals the effects of all the causal events and resolves (or "closes off") all lines of action. continuity editing system A system of cutting to maintain continuous and clear narrative action. Continuity editing relies upon matching screen direction, position, and temporal relations from shot to shot. crane shot A shot with a change in framing accomplished by having the camera above the ground and moving through the air in any direction. crosscutting Editing that alternates shots of two or more lines of action occurring in different places, usually simultaneously. D deep focus A use of the camera lens and lighting that keeps both the close and distant planes being photographed on sharp focus. depth of field The measurements of the closest and farthest planes in front of the camera lens between which everything will be in sharp focus. A depth of field from five to sixteen feet, for example, would mean everything close than five feet and farther than sixteen feet would be out of focus. diegesis In a narrative film, the world of the film's story. The diegesis includes events that are presumed to have occurred and actions and spaces not shown onscreen. diegetic sound
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Glossary - A In the continuity editing system the imaginary...

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