Disciplinary%20Cross-Citation%20Patterns - 1 Some Notes on...

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1 Some Notes on the Relationship between Sociology and Economics (and Political Science): Cross-Disciplinary Citation Patterns over the 20 th Century Ezra W. Zuckerman MIT Sloan School of Management October 14, 2003 At the turn of the twenty-first century, sociologists are routinely conducting studies of phenomena that have been traditionally considered the domain of economics. And the reverse is clearly true as well. With each discipline studying the other’s topics, it is useful to get a sense of how much intellectual interchange there is and how much this has changed over time In this note, I present some citation patterns between flagship sociology and economics journals (and between these journals and flagship political science journals) to shed light on this question. Citation by Sociology Journals to Economics Journals I begin by examining how often articles in two flagship sociology journals-- American Journal of Sociology and American Sociological Review -- cite articles that were published in two flagship economics journals: American Economic Review and Journal of Political Economy . Both of the economics journals (or their predecessor publications) have been in publication since the 19 th century. The AJS began publication in 1895; the ASR, in 1936. 1 Figure 1 Articles in Flagship Sociology Journals with Citations to Articles in Flagship Economics Journals: By Decade of 20th Century 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 1901- 1910 1911- 1920 1921- 1930 1931- 1940 1941- 1950 1951- 1960 1961- 1970 1971- 1980 1981- 1990 1991- 2000 0.00 0.05 0.10 0.15 0.20 0.25 Number Percentage 1 In earlier analyses, I also included Social Forces (which began publication in 1925) and the Quarterly Journal of Economics . However, given the method for identifying a citation (see below), Social Forces is problematic because it is not clear whether a citation to the words “social forces” indeed refer to an article published in the journal of that name or to the expression.
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2 In figure 1, I display both the number and proportion of articles in AJS or ASR that included citations to AER or JPE . To be included in the analysis, the article had to be classified as an “article” by JSTOR (as opposed to a “review,” “opinion piece,” or “other item”) and include within it the words “american economic review” or “journal of political economy” anywhere in the text. I am assuming that such inclusion is a citation, though in rare instances there may be a mention of the journal per se (though such a mention would reflect attention paid by one discipline to another, which is really what I am after). Several patterns emerge from inspection of this figure. First, there seems to have been a marked increase in sociologists’ interest in economics over the second half, and particularly the final three decades, of the twentieth century. Only one in every one hundred AJS and ASR articles published from 1901 through 1970 included as many as one citation to an article in either
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Disciplinary%20Cross-Citation%20Patterns - 1 Some Notes on...

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