Chapter5 - SOCIALIZATION Sociology, Eleventh Edition...

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Sociology, Eleventh Edition SOCIALIZATION
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Socialization The lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn patterns of their culture Personality Personality A person’s fairly consistent patterns of thinking , feeling, and acting Could a person’s personality develop without social interaction?
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Nature Vs. Nurture Sociobiology – the role of nature Elements of society have a naturalistic root Behaviorism - the role of nurture Most of who and what we are as a species is learned, or social in nature Is it sociobiology or behaviorism? It’s both, but from a sociological perspective, nurture matters more
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Social Isolation Impact on nonhuman primates Harlow’s’ experiments Six months of complete isolation was enough to disturb development Impact on children Anna and Isabelle Years of isolation left both children damaged and after intensive rehabilitation effort only capable of approximating a normal life Genie Somewhat less isolated, but suffered permanent disabilities
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Sigmund Freud: Elements of Personality Basic human needs Eros and Thanatos as opposing forces Developing personality The id Basic drives The ego Efforts to achieve balance The superego Culture within Managed conflict Id and superego are in constant states of conflict, with the ego balancing the two
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Critical Evaluation of Freud Studies reflect gender bias Influences the study of personality Sociologists note Freud’s contributions Internalization of social norms Childhood experiences have lasting impact
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Jean Piaget: Cognitive Development Cognition How people think and understand Stages of development Sensorimotor stage Sensory contact understanding Preoperational stage Use of language and other symbols Concrete operational stage Perception of causal connections in surroundings Formal operational stage Abstract, critical thinking
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Critical Evaluation of Piaget Differed from Freud viewed the mind as active and creative Cognitive stages result of biological maturation and social experience Sociology views traditional society as limits development of abstract and critical thought
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2010 for the course SOCI 1301 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '10 term at Houghton College.

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Chapter5 - SOCIALIZATION Sociology, Eleventh Edition...

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