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Chapter4 - SOCIETY PEOPLE WHO INTERACT IN A DEFINED...

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Sociology, Eleventh Edition SOCIETY PEOPLE WHO INTERACT IN A DEFINED TERRITORY AND SHARE CULTURE
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Visions Of Society Four Diverse Perspectives On What Accounts For Social Change And Societal Evolution Gerhard Lenski Society and technology Karl Marx Society in conflict Max Weber The power of ideas shapes society Emile Durkheim How traditional and modern societies hang together
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Gerhard Lenski Sociocultural evolution the changes that occur as a society acquires new technology Societies range from simple to the technologically complex Societies simple in technology tend to resemble one another More complex societies reveal striking cultural diversity
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Sociocultural Evolution TECHNOLOGY SHAPES OTHER CULTURAL PATTERNS. SIMPLE TECHNOLOGY CAN ONLY SUPPORT SMALL NUMBERS OF PEOPLE WHO LIVE SIMPLE LIVES. THE GREATER AMOUNT OF TECHNOLOGY A SOCIETY HAS WITHIN ITS GRASP, THE FASTER CULTURAL CHANGE WILL TAKE PLACE. HIGH-TECH SOCIETIES ARE CAPABLE OF SUSTAINING LARGE NUMBERS OF PEOPLE WHO ARE ENGAGED IN A DIVERSE DIVISION OF LABOR.
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Lenski’s 5 Types Of Societies Hunting and gathering The use of simple tools to hunt animals and gather vegetation Horticultural & pastoral Horticultural – the use of hand tools to raise crops Pastoral – the domestication of animals Agricultural Large-scale cultivation using plows harnessed to animals or more powerful energy sources Industrial The production of goods using advanced sources of energy to drive large machinery Postindustrial Technology that supports an information-based economy
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