Chapter2 - SOCIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION A LOGICAL SYSTEM THAT...

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Sociology, Eleventh Edition SOCIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION A LOGICAL SYSTEM THAT DERIVES KNOWLEDGE FROM DIRECT, SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Forms of Truth Belief or faith Expert testimony Simple agreement Science Logical system that bases knowledge on direct systematic observation
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Common Sense Versus Scientific Evidence “Poor people are far more likely than rich people to break the law.” “The United States is a middle-class society in which most people are more or less equal.” Most poor people don’t want to work.” “Differences in the behavior of females and males are just ‘human nature.’ ” “People change as they grow old, losing many interests as they focus on their health.” “Most people marry because they are in love.”
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition 3 Frameworks for Sociological Investigation Scientific sociology The study of society based on systematic observation of social behavior Empirical evidence – information we can verify with our senses Interpretive sociology The study of society that focuses on the meanings people attach to their social world Critical sociology The study of society that focuses on the need for change
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Causation Cause and effect A relationship in which change in one variable causes change in another Types of variables Independent : the variable that causes the change Dependent : the variable that changes (it’s value depends upon the independent variable) Correlation A relationship by which two or more variables change together Spurious correlation An apparent, though false, relationship between two or more variables caused by some other variable
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Sociology, Eleventh Edition Scientific Sociology Terminology Concepts A mental construct that represent some part of the world in a simplified form Variables Concepts whose values change from case to case
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This note was uploaded on 05/05/2010 for the course SOCI 1301 taught by Professor Williams during the Spring '10 term at Houghton College.

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Chapter2 - SOCIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION A LOGICAL SYSTEM THAT...

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