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Humanities 2230 test 3 - Humanities 2230 Notes for Test 3...

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Humanities 2230 Notes for Test 3 Part V: The Triumph of Modernism I. Birth of Modern Art A. Nietzsche’s Philosophy of Art: art for art’s (artist?) Sake = free form moralizing Modern artist as prophet of self determinism B. Naturalism in visual arts impressionism 1. Characteristics Painting “en plein air” = outdoors vs. studio; Tube paints Paint with “innocent eye” = natural vs. trained or intellectual controls “blurry” = unfinished appearance Subjects: nature casual and domestic life 2. Monet “Impression: Sunrise” & “Rouen cathedral” Study in effect of light on surfaces emotional effect 3. Renoir, “Le Moulin de la Galette” casual, outdoor life of middle class youthful? 4. Cassatt (female) “The Bath” maternal, domestic themes: Traditional values C. Post Impressionism (neo impressionism) 1. Characteristics Artist – subjective feelings choose bright colors for nature vs. earth tones Experiments in style broad strokes to dots 2. Vincent Van Gogh “Starry night” stressful? Chaotic? Romantic? 3. Gauguin “The Day of the God” Polynesian culture as “natural” = superior to western? Dancing vs. Dogma 4. Seurat, Sunday afternoon on the island” (pointillism) Tranquil? Escapism? D. Romantic impressionism in sculpture: Rodin 1. The Kiss: Romantic= cont Victorian age unfinished = eternal? 2. Original Context gates the hell; kiss as sinful E. Modern Dance: impressionism in motion 1. Isadora Duncan & Martha Graham 2. En Pointe in classic ballet as unnatural = ugly 3. Renormalize dance: personalized choreography by dancer = in touch with feelings for setting 4. Allowing internal (natural rhythms to control outer form influence of transcendentalist? F. Sculpted Architecture” Art nouveau 1. Form” curves vs. straight lines; non-linear; vine motif 2. Ornamental style for middle class II. The Assault of Modernism A. Scientific revolutions
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1. Hegel’s linear history thesis X anti-thesis > synthesis = Meaning = Progress ordered time = going to a definite end A set purpose? Design(er)? 2. Einstein’s special theory of relativity time and space are not constant at the speed of light = no absolute 3. Heisenberg’s principle of uncertainty: universe more chaotic and unpredictable not rational B. Revolutions in poetry 1. Imagists Ezra Pound & Japanese haiku free verse, random, connections of disconnected subjects 2. Robert Frost: Minimalism= short, pithy verses to capture essence of feeling or thought. Content: Spontaneous vs. prescribed life C. Revolutions in Visual Arts; cubism 1. Characteristics Subject divided into “cut” into cube-like shapes and “reassembled” Seeing words in 2d flat planes Analytic cubism: simultaneously seeing multiple sides of an object Synthetic cubism: Having more than ore object blend together collage 2.
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