Chapter 11 - Chapter 11: New ideas, New Worlds Life in the...

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Chapter 11: New ideas, New Worlds Life in the Upper Paleolithic 1. Comparing the middle and Upper Paleolithic a. Cultures of the upper Paleolithic (Europe) and the equivalent Late Stone Age (Africa) i. Upper Paleolithic 1. Term used for the final phase of the Paleolithic in Europe, dating in between 40,000 and 10,000ya, associated with the first appearance of anatomically modern humans in Europe. ii. Late stone age 1. Final phase of Stone Age in Africa. Dating between 40,000 and 10,000ya. b. Significant increases in technological sophistication. i. Middle Paleolithic 1. Term used for the period in Europe after the lower Paleolithic and before the upper Paleolithic, dating to between 250,000 and 40,00ya, encompassing the cultures of premodern varieties of human beings, including the Neandertals. ii. Middle stone age 1. Term used for the time period in Africa after the early stone age before the late stone age, dating between 250,000 and 40,000ya, encompassing the cultures of premodern varieties of human beings, including those transitional between premodern and anatomically modern H.sapiens. 2. Stone tool technologies based on the production of elongated blades rather than flakes. a. Involves significant planning and careful preparation of the stone core
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b. It isn’t until about 52,000ya that we see in the beginning of a systematic movement toward this method of stone tool production. c. A blade-based stone tool technology developed in western Europe by about 35,000B.P i. Aurignacian culture followed by Gravettian 1. At the upper Paleolithic tool making tradition characterized by the production of small and denticulate knives. Dated from 27,000 to 21,000 B.P ii. The soluteran tradition 1. Stone tool making tradition of the European upper Paleolithic, dating between 21,000ya to 16,00ya 2. Bifacially flaked, symmetrical, leaf-shaped projectile points a. A pointed tool or weapon- generally a stone, bone, or antler tip hafted onto a shaft, often of wood-which is thrown or shot at a target, usually a hunted animal. Includes spear points and arrowheads. 3. Magdelanian a. A Late upper Paleolithic culture in Europe dating from 16,000 to 11,000 B.P includes finely made barbed harpoons, carved decorative objects, and cave paintings. b. Produced microblades i. Small, usually extremely sharp, stone blades set into handles of bone, wood, antler, and so forth. 3.
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2010 for the course ISS 220 taught by Professor Bailey during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter 11 - Chapter 11: New ideas, New Worlds Life in the...

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