Test 3 review - Review and sum of ISS 220 1 Cranial characteristics a Sagittal crest b Nuchal crest c Foramen magnum d Maxilla e Mandible f

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Review and sum of ISS 220. 1. Cranial characteristics a. Sagittal crest b. Nuchal crest c. Foramen magnum d. Maxilla e. Mandible f. Prognathism g. Olfactory apparatus h. Post-orbital constriction i. Cranial capacity 2. Dental characteristics a. Dental arcade b. Dental formula c. Canine diastema d. Canine fossa 3. What is a homind? a. 4. Bipedalism a. The primary feature distinguishing hominids is walking erect b. Change in hip, spine, leg, and foot bones i. Lucy 5. Key hominid sites a. East and south Africa i. Late Miocene 6. Laetoli footprints
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a. Show fully bipedal b. Heel-strike followed by toe-off c. Big toe sticks out a little. Not like found in chimps 7. Look over time periods a. The Pliocene 5-2mya b. Ardipithecus Ramidus i. 4.4mya, Ethiopia ii. Small molars, large canines, foot similar to ape -similar to chimps iii. Modern: fully bipedal, (rapidly being selected for) c. Australopithecine i. Anamnesis ii. 4.2-3.9mya d. Afarensis i. East Africa
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2010 for the course ISS 220 taught by Professor Bailey during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Test 3 review - Review and sum of ISS 220 1 Cranial characteristics a Sagittal crest b Nuchal crest c Foramen magnum d Maxilla e Mandible f

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