Chapter 14 - Chapter 14: Regulation 1. Regulation in...

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Chapter 14: Regulation 1. Regulation in American life a. Bill of rights to protect citizens from government encroached on private affairs and to promote the concept that government is consent of its citizens. b. Reason for regulation i. In the United States, the regulatory concept is widely accepted. 1. Regulation is designed to maintain a balance between the needs and rights of individuals. Therefore, government legitimately may regulate mass media to ensure that their behavior does not have an impact on society that outweighs their contribution to society. ii. Government regulates when people or organizations interfere with the workings of the economic market system. 1. The US has a market economy a. An economy in which the interaction of supply and demand determines the price of goods and services and the levels of production. In nonmarket economy, government determines prices and productions 2. 1996 Telecommunications act. a. This landmark legislation represented the first major revamping of federal telecommunications legislation since the Federal Communications Act was passed in 1934. An attempt to increase competition through deregulation, the act included provisions that applied to radio, broadcast, and cable TV, the internet, and telecommunications equipment manufacturing. iii. Government regulates when the use of a product or an industry or company’s behavior has a negative impact on society as a whole. iv. Government regulates when a product or behavior has a negative impact on individuals that outweighs its contribution to society as a whole. 1. A journalist cannot enter a person’s house carrying a hidden cameras and microphones. v. Government regulates the flow of information during times of war. 1. Censorship during war is not mentioned in the Constitution, but courts have supported the government’s rights to censor ever since the Civil War.
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a. Censorship- restriction of access to information; deletion of information from a story; or refusal to let a correspondent mail, broadcast, or otherwise transmit a story 2. The federal government tried to regulate the media in war by creating press pools and by limiting access. a. A small group of reporters selected to gather information and pass it on to the larger group of press people. Used when the number of reporters gathering in one spot is problematic. vi. Government seeks to preserve its own security and power. 1. Government officials’ use the laws to avoid embarrassment is a misuse of political power. c. Lobbying i. The government may use its regulatory power because of lobbying. Lobbying is the business of persuading government entities, such as federal and state representatives, to support a public or private interest. ii.
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Chapter 14 - Chapter 14: Regulation 1. Regulation in...

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