Neural plasticity - (2 Most is quickly lost ii Short term(1...

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1) Neural plasticity a) It is the ability of the brain to be shaped by experiences and in turn, for the newly remolded brain to facilitate the embrace of new experiences, which leads to further neural changes 2) Mechanisms by which experiences change the brain a) Anatomical- i) Existing synapse sprouts new axons, or dry up and die off. ii) Experiences iii) physical b) Neuochemical change: i) Existing synapse increase synthesis and release of neurotransmitters ii) Stress iii) Nutrition/drugs c) Metabolic change i) Fluctuations of glucose and oxygen in the brain, (speed) ii) Physical activity, nutrition d) Complex environment learning experiences 3) Effects on the brain a) Bad i) Deprivation (1) Physical (2) Social/emotional ii) Stress b) Good i) Normal environment ii) Good social base c) Can move from negative effects to move to more positive ones.
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4) Memory a) Atkinson & Shiffrin information processing model i) Sensory memory (1) Holds only for a fraction of a second
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Unformatted text preview: (2) Most is quickly lost ii) Short term (1) Working memory (2) Holds information for about 30 seconds (3) Longer if we rehears (4) Limited to 7 +/- iii) Long term (1) Holds lots for a long time (2) When we need to use out stored memories We retrieve them out of long term and back into short term (3) Forgetting is usually a problem with retrieval (4) Encoding into ltM (a) Rehearsal (b) Elaboration (c) Constructing images (d) Organize the information (i) Chunking (e) Deep processing (i) (f) Rote learning (i) memorizing (g) Mnemonic-ing (h) Organizing (i) Visualizing (image construction) (j) Elaborating (k) Rehearsing (maintenance and storage) (5) Function of storage iv) 3 explanations for forgetting v) Cue-dependent (1) Lack or retrieval cues vi) Interference theory (1) Information blocks other information vii)Decay theory (1) Things disappear over time viii)...
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