Lecture7 - Module III The Elements of Presidential...

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Module III: The Elements of Module III: The Elements of Presidential Leadership Presidential Leadership Lecture 7 Lecture 7 : Determinants of : Determinants of Presidential Agenda Success in Presidential Agenda Success in Congress: Internal and External Congress: Internal and External Resources Resources
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Managing the President’s Domestic Managing the President’s Domestic Agenda in Congress Agenda in Congress Effective leadership of Congress is dependent on the president’s resource endowments What do we mean by “resources?” When presidents/staff talk about the resources they need to turn their policy recommendations into new law , what exactly are they referring to?
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Managing the President’s Domestic Managing the President’s Domestic Agenda in Congress Agenda in Congress Today’s lecture draws on interviews involving 126 White House staff members Five administrations spanning 1961-89 (Kennedy through Reagan) Supplemented with data through the second term of G.W. Bush
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Dissecting the Concept of Presidential Dissecting the Concept of Presidential Resources Resources Two categories Internal Resources External Resources
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Dissecting the Concept of Presidential Dissecting the Concept of Presidential Resources Resources Internal Resources Four separate elements Time Information Expertise Energy
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Dissecting the Concept of Presidential Dissecting the Concept of Presidential Resources Resources External Resources Three separate elements Size of president’s party in Congress Size of electoral victory Public approval numbers
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Internal Resources Internal Resources
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Internal Resources Internal Resources Time (quantity) Most crudely, the four-year presidential term of office Is this the relevant time frame from the White House’s point of view? No, much shorter
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Internal Resources Internal Resources Time ( quality ) The need to prepare the president’s agenda well Pressure to move quickly from issue to issue The (ever-shortening) effective work day of the presidential staff
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Internal Resources Internal Resources Good Information : Like time, in short supply
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Internal Resources Internal Resources Good Information : Like time, in short supply Lack of information The first U.S. energy crisis in 1973 Caught Richard Nixon by surprise: Information needed to formulate rational policy response » Domestic energy reserves » Viable energy alternatives » Domestic energy consumption patterns » Economic implications of price controls
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Internal Resources Internal Resources Good Information : Like time, in short supply Lack of information The first U.S. energy crisis in 1973 Caught Richard Nixon by surprise: Information needed to formulate rational policy response » Domestic energy reserves » Viable energy alternatives » Domestic energy consumption patterns » Economic implications of price controls Too much information Intelligence community: Sorting out “noise” from actionable information
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