Lecture9 - Module III: The Elements of Presidential...

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Unformatted text preview: Module III: The Elements of Presidential Leadership Lecture 9 : Unilateral Policy Instruments: Executive Orders Executive Orders Executive Orders President Obama President Obama signs executive signs executive order creating the order creating the bipartisan National bipartisan National Commission on Commission on Fiscal Fiscal Responsibility and Responsibility and Reform Reform , Thursday, , Thursday, Feb. 18, 2010, in the Feb. 18, 2010, in the Diplomatic Diplomatic Reception Room of Reception Room of the White House in the White House in Washington Washington Commission will Commission will advice president on advice president on ways to reduce the ways to reduce the deficit deficit co-chair, Democrat co-chair, Democrat Erskine Bowles Erskine Bowles co-chair, Republican co-chair, Republican Alan Simpson Alan Simpson Executive Orders Executive Orders What is an executive order? Executive Orders Executive Orders What is an executive order? A formal presidential directive instructing civilian or military members of the executive branch on how to conduct (some aspect of ) their job Executive Orders Executive Orders What is an executive order? A formal presidential directive instructing civilian or military members of the executive branch on how to conduct (some aspect of ) their job An executive order has the force of law the force of law Executive Orders Executive Orders What is an executive order? A formal presidential directive instructing civilian or military members of the executive branch on how to conduct (some aspect of ) their job. An executive order has the force of law the force of law An executive order does not require does not require congressional consent congressional consent to go into effect What is the Constitutional Basis for What is the Constitutional Basis for the Use of Executive Orders? the Use of Executive Orders? What is the Constitutional Basis for What is the Constitutional Basis for the Use of Executive Orders? the Use of Executive Orders? To have legal force, must be reasonably related to One of the presidents constitutional functions E.g., duties as Commander-in-Chief E.g., obligation to faithfully execute the office of the president E.g., obligation to preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution E.g., The Chief Executives duty to take care that the laws be faithfully executed Examples of the Uses of Examples of the Uses of Executive Orders Executive Orders Examples: Examples of the Uses of Examples of the Uses of Executive Orders Executive Orders Examples: (1826) John Quincy Adams and the death of Thomas Jefferson (1935) Franklin Roosevelt and executive agency consolidation (1948) Harry Truman and the desegregation of the armed services (E.O. 9981) (1964) Lyndon Johnson and Equal Employment Opportunity in the Federal Government What Do Most Executive Orders Do?...
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Lecture9 - Module III: The Elements of Presidential...

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