Political Science 140 B Instructor: Scott James Outline #3 The Electoral College: Political Dynamics of a Peculiarly American InstitutionI.Basic mechanics A.To win the presidency a candidate must win an absolutemajority of presidential electors 1.50% + 1 2.In the 2000 presidential election there were 538 presidential electors a.One for each member of the House of Representatives (435), each member of the Senate (100), and 3 for the District of Columbia. 3.Today, therefore, it takes 270 (269 + 1) electoral votes to win the presidency A.Presidential electors are selected on the 1stTuesday after the 1stMonday in November. 1. They meet (in their respective states) to cast their votes for president on the 1stMonday after the 2ndWednesday in December B.If no candidate receives an absolute majority in the Electoral College, presidential selection moves to the House of Representatives 1.Each state delegation receives 1 vote, regardless of size. 2.Each state casts its vote for 1 of top 3 candidates in electoral votecount (not popular vote count) a.No new candidates may be added 3.Candidate with a majority of House votes (26 states) wins II.An elitist institution? A.Yes, in the Framers’ scheme 1.A deliberative institution with independent will
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