EN BANC[G.R. Nos. 71208-09. August 30, 1985.]SATURNINA GALMAN AND REYNALDO GALMANSATURNINA GALMAN AND REYNALDO GALMAN,petitioners, vs.vs.THEHONORABLE PRESIDING JUSTICE MANUEL PAMARAN AND ASSOCIATEHONORABLE PRESIDING JUSTICE MANUEL PAMARAN AND ASSOCIATEJUSTICES AUGUSTO AMORES AND BIENVENIDO VERA CRUZ OF THEJUSTICES AUGUSTO AMORES AND BIENVENIDO VERA CRUZ OF THESANDIGANBAYAN, THE HONORABLE BERNARDO FERNANDEZ,SANDIGANBAYAN, HONORABLE BERNARDO TANODBAYAN, GENERAL FABIAN C. VER, MAJOR GENERAL PROSPEROTANODBAYAN, GENERAL FABIAN C. VER, MAJOR GENERAL PROSPEROOLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT. TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT.OLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT. TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT.LEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO, SGT. PROSPERO BONA ANDLEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO, SGT. PROSPERO BONA ANDAIC ANICETO ACUPIDOAIC ANICETO ACUPIDO,respondents.[G.R. Nos. 71212-13. August 30, 1985.]PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, represented by the TANODBAYANPEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, represented by the TANODBAYAN(OMBUDSMAN)(OMBUDSMAN),petitioner, vs.THE SANDIGANBAYAN, GENERAL FABIANC. VER, MAJOR GEN. PROSPERO OLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT.C. VER, MAJOR GEN. PROSPERO OLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT.TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT. LEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO,TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT. LEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO,SGT. PROSPERO BONA AND AIC ANICETO ACUPIDOSGT. PROSPERO BONA AND AIC ANICETO ACUPIDO,respondents.Lupino A. Lazaroand Ambrosio Padillafor petitioners.Antonio P. Coronelfor respondent Fabian Ver.D E C I S I O ND E C I S I O NCUEVASCUEVAS, J p:On August 21, 1983, a crime unparalleled in repercussions and rami=cations wascommitted inside the premises of the Manila International Airport (MIA) in Pasay City.Former Senator Benigno S. Aquino, Jr., an opposition stalwart who was returning to thecountry after a long sojourn abroad, was gunned down to death. The assassinationrippled shock-waves throughout the entire country which reverberated beyond theterritorial con=nes of this Republic. The after-shocks stunned the nation even more asthis ramified to all aspects of Philippine political, economic and social life.LLjurTo determine the facts and circumstances surrounding the killing and to allow afree, unlimited and exhaustive investigation of all aspects of the tragedy, 1P.D. 1886was promulgated creating an ad hocFact Finding Board which later became morepopularly known as the Agrava Board. 2Pursuant to the powers vested in it by P.D.1886, the Board conducted public hearings wherein various witnesses appeared andtesti=ed and/or produced documentary and other evidence either in obedience to asubpoena or in response to an invitation issued by the Board. Among the witnesseswho appeared, testi=ed and produced evidence before the Board were the hereinprivate respondents General Fabian C. Ver, Major General Prospero Olivas, 3Sgt. PabloMartinez, Sgt. Tomas Fernandez, Sgt. Leonardo Mojica, Sgt. Pepito Torio, Sgt. ProsperoBona and AIC Aniceto Acupido.