Galman_v._Pamaran.pdf - EN BANC[G.R Nos 71208-09 SATURNINA...

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EN BANC [G.R. Nos. 71208-09. August 30, 1985.] SATURNINA GALMAN AND REYNALDO GALMAN SATURNINA GALMAN AND REYNALDO GALMAN, petitioners , vs. vs. THE HONORABLE PRESIDING JUSTICE MANUEL PAMARAN AND ASSOCIATE HONORABLE PRESIDING JUSTICE MANUEL PAMARAN AND ASSOCIATE JUSTICES AUGUSTO AMORES AND BIENVENIDO VERA CRUZ OF THE JUSTICES AUGUSTO AMORES AND BIENVENIDO VERA CRUZ OF THE SANDIGANBAYAN, THE HONORABLE BERNARDO FERNANDEZ, SANDIGANBAYAN, HONORABLE BERNARDO TANODBAYAN, GENERAL FABIAN C. VER, MAJOR GENERAL PROSPERO TANODBAYAN, GENERAL FABIAN C. VER, MAJOR GENERAL PROSPERO OLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT. TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT. OLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT. TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT. LEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO, SGT. PROSPERO BONA AND LEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO, SGT. PROSPERO BONA AND AIC ANICETO ACUPIDO AIC ANICETO ACUPIDO, respondents . [G.R. Nos. 71212-13. August 30, 1985.] PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, represented by the TANODBAYAN PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, represented by the TANODBAYAN (OMBUDSMAN) (OMBUDSMAN), petitioner , vs. THE SANDIGANBAYAN, GENERAL FABIAN C. VER, MAJOR GEN. PROSPERO OLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT. C. VER, MAJOR GEN. PROSPERO OLIVAS, SGT. PABLO MARTINEZ, SGT. TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT. LEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO, TOMAS FERNANDEZ, SGT. LEONARDO MOJICA, SGT. PEPITO TORIO, SGT. PROSPERO BONA AND AIC ANICETO ACUPIDO SGT. PROSPERO BONA AND AIC ANICETO ACUPIDO, respondents . Lupino A. Lazaro and Ambrosio Padilla for petitioners. Antonio P. Coronel for respondent Fabian Ver. D E C I S I O N D E C I S I O N CUEVAS CUEVAS, J p : On August 21, 1983, a crime unparalleled in repercussions and rami=cations was committed inside the premises of the Manila International Airport (MIA) in Pasay City. Former Senator Benigno S. Aquino, Jr., an opposition stalwart who was returning to the country after a long sojourn abroad, was gunned down to death. The assassination rippled shock-waves throughout the entire country which reverberated beyond the territorial con=nes of this Republic. The after-shocks stunned the nation even more as this ramified to all aspects of Philippine political, economic and social life. LLjur To determine the facts and circumstances surrounding the killing and to allow a free, unlimited and exhaustive investigation of all aspects of the tragedy, 1 P.D. 1886 was promulgated creating an ad hoc Fact Finding Board which later became more popularly known as the Agrava Board. 2 Pursuant to the powers vested in it by P.D. 1886, the Board conducted public hearings wherein various witnesses appeared and testi=ed and/or produced documentary and other evidence either in obedience to a subpoena or in response to an invitation issued by the Board. Among the witnesses who appeared, testi=ed and produced evidence before the Board were the herein private respondents General Fabian C. Ver, Major General Prospero Olivas, 3 Sgt. Pablo Martinez, Sgt. Tomas Fernandez, Sgt. Leonardo Mojica, Sgt. Pepito Torio, Sgt. Prospero Bona and AIC Aniceto Acupido.

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