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FAP5_Lecture_Ch10 - Chapter 10 SubstanceRelated Disorders...

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1 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Slides & Handouts by Karen Clay Rhines, Ph.D. Chapter 10 Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders
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2 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders What is a drug? Any substance other than food that affects our  bodies or minds Need not be a medicine or be illegal Current language uses the term “substance” rather  than “drug” to include alcohol, tobacco, and  caffeine
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3 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders Substances may cause temporary  changes in  behavior, emotion, or thought May result in substance intoxication (literally,  “poisoning”)
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4 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders Substances can also produce long-term problems: Substance abuse: a pattern of behavior in which a person  relies on a drug excessively and repeatedly, damaging their  relationships, affecting work functioning, and/or putting  themselves or others in danger Substance dependence: a more advanced pattern of use in  which a person abuses a drug and centers his or her life  around it Also called “addiction” May include tolerance (need increasing doses to get an effect) and  withdrawal (unpleasant and dangerous symptoms when substance  use is stopped)
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5 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10
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6 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders About 10% of all adults in the U.S. display substance  abuse or dependence Only 26% receive treatment Many drugs are available in our society Some are naturally occurring; others are produced in a  laboratory Some require a physician’s prescription for legal use;  others, like alcohol and nicotine, are legally available to  adults Still others, like heroin, are illegal under all circumstances
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7 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders Recent statistics suggest that drug use is a  significant social problem Over 28 million people in the U.S. have used an  illegal substance within the past year Over 19 million are using one of them currently Almost 25% of all high school seniors have used  an illegal drug within the past month
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8 Comer,  Fundamentals of Abnormal Psychology , 5e – Chapter 10 Substance-Related Disorders Substance-Related Disorders
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