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Unformatted text preview: le. Any of four. Female Activity 6 Break up into groups and complete Activity 6. Theories of Gender Roles Nature Biological Causes Unchangeable Nurture Environmental causes Learning Socialization Cross-Cultural Research Margaret Mead found 3 very different cultures Tchambuli men were weak, emotional, artistic and gossipy; women made all the important decisions Arapesh both men and women were peaceful, nurturing and cooperative Mundugamur men were violent, competitive, sexually aggressive, jealous Gender Differences Maccoby and Jacklin (1974) conducted a metaanalysis which determined where gender differences were consistently found. Only 4 areas: math, spatial, and verbal abilities, and aggression Small differences - Gender accounted for only 1 - 5% of the variance. Learning Theories Behaviorism Operant conditioning we increase behavior which gets rewarded (reinforced) and we decrease behavior which gets punished. Boys are reinforced for acting in a masculine manner; girls for acting in a feminine manner. There are different reward structures for boys and girls. Social Learning Theory We also learn our gender...
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- Spring '10