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Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Early Adulthood Social and...

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Chapter 14 Early Adulthood –Social and Personality Development Developing a capacity for intimacy with a partner is the task of early adulthood. Early adulthood lasts from ages 20 to 40. Intimacy involves a degree of selflessness. You have to be willing to sacrifice your own needs for the needs of someone else. Erikson also believed that sexuality was another component of intimacy. Being able not only to focus on one’s own gratification but the gratification of one’s partner. The final component is the ability to fuse one’s identity with the identity of a partner. According to Bernard Murstein relationships proceeds in a fixed order of 3 stages. In the first stage, the stimulus stage , relationships are built on surface, physical characteristics such as the way a person looks. This is the initial encounter. The second stage is the Value Stage. The relationship is characterized by increasing similarity of values and beliefs. Here the couple finds out whether their interest, attitudes and beliefs are compatible. The third and final stage is the role stage . Here the relationship is build on specific roles played by each person within the relationship. There are 2 faces of love. PASSIONATE AND COMPANIONATE. Love involves physical arousal. Very different than just liking someone. Love initially involves recurrent fantasies about the other person. Love includes elements of closeness, passion and exclusivity. Those characteristics are not found in the same form in liking relationships. Passionate love sometimes called romantic love is a powerful, intense physical interest and caring for the other person.
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Companionate love is a strong affection that we have with whom our lives are deeply involved, such as our parents. Emotion fuels passionate love. Even negative emotion such as fear, anger or even jealousy may be a source of deepening passionate love. According to the labeling theory of passionate love, people who experience 2 events together: that of physical arousal and a label that attaches love to the experience may be in passionate love. Even negative emotion can produce physical arousal. If a negative emotion leads to an arousal and that arousal is interpreted as being caused by “love”, then people may decide that they are even more in love than they were before they experienced the negative emotion.
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