Chapter 16 - Chapter 16 Middle Adult Social and Personality...

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Chapter 16 Middle Adult – Social and Personality Development In our culture middle age and the mid-life crisis takes place at age 40. According to Erikson the middle-ages adult faces generatively v. stagnation. People in generatively strive to play a role in guiding and encouraging future generations. They may act as mentors. They try to leave a lasting contribution to the younger generation. A lack of psychological success during this time leaves people stagnant. Focusing all their energy on what is best only for them According to Levinson, between age 40 and 45 people move into a period called mid-life transition. During this time people realize life is finite. The midlife crisis is a painful time of questioning. They may feel they’ve put too much time into career and advancement and not enough time in really important things such as raising and getting to know their own children. Not everyone has such a difficult transition. Social clocks of women’s lives. A social clock is a term used to describe the psychological timepiece that records the major milestones in our lives. For example having children, receiving a promotion, changing jobs, getting divorced. The timing of marriage is an example of the social clock. It tells us if we have reached the major benchmarks of our lives early, late or right on time in comparison to our peers. The book doesn’t describe it. But the social clock may vary depending on the socioeconomic group your discussing.
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Lower middle class may believe they should marry early and have children early. In fact they may have child bearing completed by 25. Upper socioeconomic groups may not marry until 25 and feel no pressure to start having children until age 35. Again we compare our lives to the lives of our peers---people like us. In middle age most people have children who are entering their adolescent
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Chapter 16 - Chapter 16 Middle Adult Social and Personality...

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