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Pyschology Voc words ch4 - Affordances The action...

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Affordances – The action possibilities that a given situation or stimulus provides. Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale (NBAS) – a measure designed to determine infants neurological and behavioral responses to their environment. Cephalocaudal Principle – the principle that growth follows a pattern that begins with the head and upper body parts and then proceeds down to the rest of the body. Cerebral cortex the upper layer of the brain. Dynamic systems theory – a theory of how motor skills develop and are coordinated. Marasmus – a disease characterized by the cessation of growth. Multimodal approach to perception - the approach that considers how information that is collected by various individual sensory systems is integrated and coordinated. Myelin – a fatty substance that helps insulates neurons and speeds the transmission of nerve impulses. Neuron – the basic nerve cell of the nervous system Nonorganic Failure to thrive – a disorder in which infants stop growing due to lack of stimulation and attention as the result of inadequate parenting. Norms – the average performance of a large sample of children of a given age. Perception – the sorting out, interpretation, analysis, and integration of stimuli involving the sense organs and brain. Plasticity – the degree to which a developing structure or behavior is susceptible to experience. Principle of hierarchical integration – the principle that simple skills typically develop separately and independently but are later integrated into more complex skills. Principle of independence of systems – the principle that different body systems grow at different rates. Proximodistal principle – the principle that development proceeds from the center of the body outward. Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep – the period of sleep that is found in older children and adults and is associated with dreaming. Reflexes – unlearned, organized involuntary responses that occur automatically in the presence of certain stimuli. Rhythms – repetitive, cyclical patterns of behavior. Sensation – the stimulation of the sense organs Sensation - the physical stimulation of the sense organs. Sensitive period – a point in development when organisms are particularly susceptible to certain kinds of stimuli in their environments, but the absence of those stimuli does not always produce irreversible consequences.
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