Chapter 8 Lecture Notes

Chapter 8 Lecture Notes - Chapter 8 Lecture Notes Page 258...

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Chapter 8 Lecture Notes Page 258 Self-concept in the preschool years: The set of beliefs about ourselves as individuals is called self-concept. Ex: I am a good runner, I’m a big girl. I like to read. A child’s self-concept is typically inaccurate. In fact they will overestimate their skills and knowledge across all domains of expertise. They see the future in a most favorable light. Believing they will win the next game, to beating everyone in an upcoming race, to growing up and becoming president. According to Erikson’s Psychosocial Developmental stages children between the ages of 18 months to 3 years old are in autonomy v. shame and doubt. So when we allow our children to explore their surroundings and freedom to play with toys they desire. They are apt to develop autonomy or may develop self-doubt it parents are too restrictive. Between ages 3 to 6 their conflict is initiative v. guilt. They want and need to be somewhat independent of their parents. Yet they now are able to experience guilt for unintended consequences of their actions. They begin to shape the kind of person that they will become. Parents need to react positively toward their independent action. They need to provide opportunities for their children to act self-reliantly. Even a 3 year old can pick out tomorrows wardrobe. If parents are discouraging of their children’s efforts to seek independence they may feel guilt. Which may persist throughout their lifetime. Middle of page 260 Infants are able to distinguish different skin colors and by age 4 they are able to understand the significance that society places on racial membership.
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Page 261 By age 2, children label themselves consistently as either male or female. Preschool-age children begin to hold expectations about appropriate behavior for girls and boys. In fact gender stereotypes are most rigid during the preschool period. They/ preschoolers expect males to have traits such as competence, independence, forcefulness and competitiveness. While females are viewed as being warm, expressive and submissive. Preschoolers want people to live up to their prescribed gender roles. Page 262 Bottom The psychosexual stage that corresponds with the preschool years is the phallic stage. This is where the focus of the child’s pleasure relates to genital sexuality. There is a turning point called the Oedipal Complex that occurs around age 5. Boys develop a sex interest in his mother seeing their fathers as a rival in mother’s love and attention. So boys want to replace
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course PSYC 2023 taught by Professor Fern during the Winter '10 term at Tulsa Community College.

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Chapter 8 Lecture Notes - Chapter 8 Lecture Notes Page 258...

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