Chapter 1 Lecture - Course Documents Lecture-Chapter 1 Our...

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Course Documents Lecture—Chapter 1 Our book refers to developmental psychology as the scientific study of the cognitive, physical and social growth that occurs over the entire life span. -- starts a discussion of five major psychological perspectives that will help in better understanding the physical, cognitive, social and personality changes. PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Freud gave the first theory to us. He gave us the psychoanalytic model, which suggest that unconscious forces act to determine personality and behavior. Freud believed that the unconscious mind is responsible for the majority of our everyday behavior. Sigmund Freud believed that personality has 3 parts: id, ego and superego . The personality structure that is present at birth and operates according to the pleasure principle is called the id . It holds the primitive drives related to hunger, sex, aggression, and irrational impulses. The id’s goal is to maximize pleasure and reduce tension. Basically, it is the child in you. A good example of the id is “I want what I want and I want it now. I shouldn’t have to wait.” Note: It’s been said that even if we got everything we wanted from our parents we’d still be angry with them because we had to ask for and had to wait before receiving what we wanted. The ego is also found in the personality. It is the rational side of you. The reasonable side. The ego (ego means “I”) operates on the reality principle. It considers what will work. Its goal is to get “id” what it wants, taking into account what society will tolerate. However, if reason doesn’t work it may become unreasonable. It must protect the id and meet the needs of the id’s life force. Note: The ego might ask the id to wait until it could figure a socially appropriate way of getting the id what it wanted.
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Example: we can’t rape, pillage and plunder but given time we can seduce her into meeting our sexual needs . Finally the superego is also found in the personality. It represents your conscience. It tells you right from wrong. The superego develops around 5 or 6 years of age. It hands out judgements of right and wrong on other peoples actions and causes us to feel shame when we judge our own actions as inappropriate. Example: Sam was going to steal candy from a store but feelings of guilt kept him from doing so. His internalization of right and wrong comes from where? Correct—it comes from the superego. Freud also gave us the psychosexual stages to explain personality
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course PSYC 2023 taught by Professor Fern during the Winter '10 term at Tulsa Community College.

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Chapter 1 Lecture - Course Documents Lecture-Chapter 1 Our...

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