352 student Outline 3 (1)

352 student Outline 3 (1) - SOC 352 Outline for Chapter 3...

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SOC 352 – Outline for Chapter 3 Factors that determine the structure of society and the nature of change: Functionalist position – society and change are shaped by the necessities of survival Conflict position – society and change are shaped by conflict among groups qnd classes within society over the control of valued and scarce resources Interpretive position – the social interaction processes between people and groups result in the creation and ongoing negotiation and revision of the meanings, symbols, and social definitions that constitute both society and change The Functionalist position (in more detail than above): structural functionalism assumes that a society is a system of interrelated parts that function in ways that promote the survival of the whole system. Initial focus is to define activities that are necessary for the survival of the entire system (requisites or imperatives). 5 FUNCTIONALIST REQUISITES –every social system must be concerned with: 1. The replacement of individuals (by reproduction or recruitment) 2. Socialization (enabling individuals to participate) 3. The production of goods and services (hence, an economy) 4. The provision of social order ( hence, a political system) 5. The maintenance of common symbols, values, and motivations (hence, a culture)
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352 student Outline 3 (1) - SOC 352 Outline for Chapter 3...

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