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Final_Review-1 - Urban Design What is urban design A set of...

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Urban Design - What is urban design? - A set of professional techniques that deal with the large-scale organization and design of the city, with the massing and organization of buildings and the space between them, not with the design if the individual buildings. - And what distinguishes it from architectural design? Please give examples. - Large scale, long time-frames and many urban variables - Examples: redesign of Paris by Haussmann & Battery Park City development - The purpose of a visual survey is to identify desirable design scenarios in order to mentally understand urban areas. Kevin Lynch identified 5 important elements that help people understand urban areas. Please identify and explain those elements. - Example: Orlando’s visual preference survey - Paths - Landmarks - Nodes - Districts - Boundaries/Edges - How can we evaluate good urban design? Please identify the two main questions we can use to evaluate urban design projects and explain five principles of good urban design practice. - Good urban design is: a number of different can be used to assess urban design projects - Unity and coherence - Minimum conflict between pedestrians and vehicles - Protection from rain, noise, wind - Easy orientation for users - Compatibility of land users - Availability of places to rest, observe, and meet - Creation of a series of security and pleasantness - How well the solutions fit the problem? - How readily the proposals can be implemented? - What is new urbanism or traditional neighborhood development? - New Urbanism = Traditional neighborhood development (TND) - A comprehensive planning system that includes a variety of housing types and building uses in a defined area - The addition of civic buildings and the reservation of open space in a TND enhances community identity and value - How do new urbanism developments differ from “cookie cutter” type of subdivisions? Please identify five main distinctions. - A TND is served by a network of paths, streets and lanes designed to be suitable for the pedestrian as well as the vehicle - The network provides the residents of a TND the option of walking, biking or driving to a variety of places within their neighborhood - Equal attention is given to the public and private spaces creating a balanced community - Urban design process - Analysis - Synthesis - Evaluation
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- Implementation `Urban Growth in Phoenix - List and describe 5 to 10 factors discussed in the Lincoln documentary “Making sense of place, Phoenix the urban desert” that have contributed to the urban and regional growth in Phoenix. - The main idea of the documentary “Making sense of place, Phoenix the urban desert” is that when we pursue what we want as individuals we don’t necessarily get what we want as a community. Please discuss this sentence in what pertains to lifestyles, urban and economic growth, natural resources and public policies. Please use personal and/or professional examples.
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