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MIDTERMreview - Lecture 1 Who are the planners and what do...

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Lecture 1 Who are the planners and what do they do? From lecture notes you should be familiar with the following: a. What is the planning profession about? 1. Planning is a profession that is dedicated to helping society change 2. Planners assist communities in the evaluation and capitalization of opportunities 3. Planners work to analyze and promote the understanding and solving of a community’s problems b. What issues do planners address? 1) Quality of life issues 2) Protection of the environment 3) Promotion of equitable economic opportunity 4) Management of growth and change c. What do planners develop plans for? 1. Housing needs, Parks, and Highways 2. Transportation Systems 3. Economic Development Most importantly planners work with the public to develop a vision of the future and then build upon that vision. d. Current planning’s focus a) Comprehensive and Strategic Plans b) Review Site Plans c) Work with Developers regarding Urban Design d) Involved with land uses and zoning issues e) Subdivision Review e. Long Range planning’s focus 1. Shares many of the same functions as “Current” planning 2. Major difference is the future orientation of “long” range planning 3. Twenty to Fifty year time frames are common 4. Tends to looks at larger regional issues such as transportation, open space/ natural resource land preservation, utility provision such as electrical generation, water supply, or oil and gas energy requirements, and land uses regulation to shape future development (5 continues on top next page) 5. Involved with comprehensive plan generation with five or ten year updates Lecture 2 History of City Planning I From lecture notes you should be familiar with the following: A. The two requirements for an urban revolution leading to city development 1) The production of a surplus of storable food by agricultural workers 2) Specialists providing services and products which are recorded by some form of writing B. The four reasons the origin of most early cities can be traced to location 1) On a defensive site Example the higher ground location of Edinburgh Castle on a crag 2) On a trade route Example the Nile River system was used to conduct trade between settlements along its banks 3) Or proximity to natural resources Specifically drinking water and productive farmlands as found in the Indus River valley
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4) For religious reasons Example the city of Delphi which functioned as the residence of the oracle and temple of Zeus C. The term organically four part definition 1) That these areas and their access streets were not planned but rather developed to avoid hot desert winds by making their streets winding 2) Additionally this irregular street system pattern was further engendered by the necessity to construct housing around geographic considerations
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