Wolrd of War

Wolrd of War - Dmitriy Sulik Professor Mazon TA: Ms....

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Dmitriy Sulik Professor Mazon TA: Ms. Valerie Phillips The World of War The concept of going from limited warfare to total warfare was among the greatest changes in war in the last five hundred years. Traditional warfare involved horses, archers, and swordsman to fight in the open field, most likely in the daytime. As time went on warfare began to involve planes, machine guns and weapons that increase the distance from which enemies can fight one another. Limited warfare, also known as traditional warfare, included two opposing sides that attacked one another in an open field. The battle of Agincourt showed the way soldiers fought in 1415. Armies lined up with a typical distance of a thousand yards of one another in an open field (Keegan 87). The opposing forces were seen clearly and usually fought in the daylight. Night battle did not occur often due to limited technologies and seeing the enemy was difficult. Armies lined up in many rows with archers dispersed on the flanks and the “leaders of various contingents” displaying armorial banners (Keegan 88). The organization of the army was important and probably started “in the light of early morning” (Keegan 87). Before each battle there was a period of waiting in which armies organized themselves and decided where each soldier would stand (Keegan 89).) The bravest men were often in the front row while the “humble and timid” were behind (Keegan 89). Once organization was settled a “mutual departure” by both sides started the battle (Keegan 88). In traditional battles there were not many surprise attacks. Additionally both sides had to agree on when the battle should begin. Citizens were not involved in the war due to many reasons and one of them was religion. Citizens were not killed because; one, they did not go to the battlefield and two; it was part of the religion not to kill civilians (Keegan 115-116). “Unlawful killing… was well defined” during a war and not following the rules resulted in “penalties” (Keegan 115). Traditional warfare involved the King, who was the most important figure to the nation. The King
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Wolrd of War - Dmitriy Sulik Professor Mazon TA: Ms....

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