352 student Outline 4 - Page 1 of 4 SOC 352 Outline for...

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Page 1 of 4 SOC 352 – Outline for Chapter 4 Patterns of Social Change in the U.S. · Changes in the structure of social life – events that have affected change in con- temporary America. Pg. 65-66 · Changes in cultural themes – Change can be macroscopic, reflecting broad scale social trends and cultural themes. These pervasive change processes enable you to see patterns and make more general sense out of particular historical events by re- vealing “underlying” patterns and directions. Pg. 66 · Change can occur in the spheres of social life that are closely connected to the lives of individuals, such as age groups, families, work settings, education, reli- gion, and so on. This third perspective focuses on change in the population and social institutions. Structural Trends: (have to do with changes in our relationships with other people in soci- ety and in organizations and communities in which we participate) Pg. 67 · Growth in scale of social life – People’s lives are increasingly connected with lar- ger numbers of people in big structures, such as communities and organizations that operate in a vast scale over large geographic areas. Pg. 67 · Centralization of control (power and authority) – Growth in size inevitably means the growing concentration of power to make important decisions in fewer people. You do not have the freedom to make choices, but increasingly those choices are limited by the huge organizations that dominate our economic, political, and so- cial life. Pg. 67 · Increasing differentiation (“demassification”) and specialization of social life These trends have meant a growing participation in a common way of life in mass markets, mass media, and a mass electrorate but a third trend related to these two is the increasing differentiation and specialization of social life. Differentiation has meant that more social roles in everyday life are segmented and limited in scope. There are fewer general, diffuse, and multifaceted roles. Pg. 68 · Growing interconnectedness and networked nature of social life – The importance of networks and webs of interactions has only become apparent since the middle of the 1980’s. For much of the post war era social life was dominated by bureau- cracies. A bureaucratic organization is a social system with a formal structure, clear lines of authority, and work roles that are designed for social purposes. Most
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course SOC 352 taught by Professor Whitaker during the Spring '09 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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352 student Outline 4 - Page 1 of 4 SOC 352 Outline for...

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