Hum Hist handout 6

Hum Hist handout 6 - Human History Week 4, lecture 2 Limits...

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Human History Week 4, lecture 2 Limits of godlike kings 1/28/10 Agricultural expansion Rapid changes around 5,000 years into history of agricultural societies—roughly 4000 BCE in SW Asia, 3000 BCE in S Asia, 2500 BCE in E Asia, 1500 BCE in Mexico, 1000 BCE in Peru Original farming villages hit threshold—population growth, trade, war, exp After spreading into new ecological zones, advances on frontiers Particularly use of irrigation Esp.ecially clear in W Eurasia: after 5500 BCE farmers spread from Hilly Flanks into Mesopotamia, Egypt Harness power of great rivers—Euphrates, Tigris, Nile; also Indus and Yellow River Drainage and storage important, especially in New World The rise of cities 5,000-6,000 years into history of agricultural societies, villages clump into real cities Fagan stresses role of climate (aridification) in Mesopotamia and Egypt after 3800 BCE, (about 5,000 years in to western farming history), but similar changes in South Asia around 2500 BCE, East Asia around 1900 BCE, etc., without striking climate change
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course IHUM 69 taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '10 term at Stanford.

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Hum Hist handout 6 - Human History Week 4, lecture 2 Limits...

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