Hum Hist handout 7

Hum Hist handout 7 - Human History Week 5 lecture 1 Great...

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Human History Week 5, lecture 1 Great transformation 2/2/10 State formation and collapse Military-divine-administrative states are a successful, expansionist, almost worldwide phenomenon, usually forming about 6,000 years after cultivation of crops Kings fight each other, become more organized—territorially large states/empires in Nile valley by 3100 BCE, Akkad (Mesopotamia) c. 2300 BCE, Zhou (China) c. 1050 But kingdoms are constantly involved in crises These tend to start on frontiers in interactions with less settled groups, and flows of trade and migration Difficult to manage—e.g., Shang with Qiang, Mesopotamians with Amorites, Egyptians with Asiatics (perhaps including Hebrews?) Worst crises cluster around episodes of climate change E.g., in southwest Asia, 2200 BCE in SW Asia: drying of Tell Leilan, migrations, generals defecting from Akkadian Empire, abrupt collapse Revival under Third dynasty of Ur after 2100 BCE, new collapse c. 2000 BCE; new revival under Hammurabi of Babylon and others, partial collapse after 1700; new
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