Hum Hist 2 ho 4

Hum Hist 2 ho 4 - Human History Week 2, lecture 2...

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Human History Intellectual traditions 4/8/10 Week 2, lecture 2 Axial traditions Intellectual changes in 16th-/17th-century fit into 2,000-year story of Axial thought First Wave of Axial Thought (c. 700-200 BCE): Confucius, Buddha, Socrates, et al., promoting self-fashioning and personal transcendence as alternatives to godlike kings as states shift from low- to high-end structures Second Wave of Axial Thought (c. 200-700 CE): spread of Christianity, Mahayana and Theravada Buddhism, simpler and more ecumenical systems, as great empires collapse Second Wave thought crystallized in twelfth century CE by authors like Zhu Xi, al- Ghazali, Thomas Aquinas A Third Wave of Axial Thought? Upheavals of 16th/17th century drive reshaping of Axial thought As geographical space between traditions shrinks, competition increases This competition and state failures of 16th/17th century drive emphasis with purifying tradition and personal relationship with transcendent realm The great traditions are pushed downward (socially) as well as outward (geographically)
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course IHUM 69 taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '10 term at Stanford.

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Hum Hist 2 ho 4 - Human History Week 2, lecture 2...

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