Hum Hist 2 ho 5

Hum Hist 2 ho 5 - Human History Week 3, lecture 1...

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Human History Scientific revolution 4/13/10 Week 3, lecture 1 The (partial) triumph of tradition By 1600, Axial ideas generally seem secure: great expansions of Christianity, Islam, and Tibetan Buddhism, revisions of these three faiths plus Confucianism, all focusing more on personal relations with divinity and texts, backed by force By 1700, astonishing changes in Europe—heliocentric theory, identification of air as a substance, understanding of blood and circulation, etc.: the scientific revolution Competing explanations of the scientific revolution Mostly focus on specific geniuses in 17th-century Europe and unique European cultural tradition, from ancient Greece to 17th century Few comparisons made between Europe and rest of world Since 1950s, much more emphasis on comparisons; some historians now argue that there was really no such thing as a scientific revolution, and that 17-century European thought differed little from intellectual life elsewhere Neither view accounts well for reality 16th-century challenges to Axial thought in Europe Around 1400, quite distinct traditions of inquiry into nature around the world Chinese science probably most advanced, then Arabic, then Indian, then European All rooted in the First Wave of Axial thought, from 1st millennium BCE Great shake-up in 16th-century Europe: 1543 as annus mirabilis —Andreas Vesalius shows that Greek thought on anatomy must be wrong; Nicolaus Copernicus show that
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This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course IHUM 69 taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '10 term at Stanford.

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Hum Hist 2 ho 5 - Human History Week 3, lecture 1...

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